Diamond Nanoparticles in Heterogeneous Catalysis

  • Sergio Navalón*
    Sergio Navalón
    Departamento de Quı́mica, Universitat Politècnica de València, C/Camino de Vera, s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
    *Sergio Navalón. Email: [email protected]
  • Amarajothi Dhakshinamoorthy
    Amarajothi Dhakshinamoorthy
    School of Chemistry, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021, India
  • Mercedes Álvaro
    Mercedes Álvaro
    Departamento de Quı́mica, Universitat Politècnica de València, C/Camino de Vera, s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
  • , and 
  • Hermenegildo García*
    Hermenegildo García
    Departamento de Quı́mica, Universitat Politècnica de València, C/Camino de Vera, s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
    Instituto Universitario de Tecnologı́a Quı́mica, CSIC-UPV, Universitat Politècnica de València, Av. de los Naranjos, Valencia 46022, Spain
    Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
    *Hermenegildo García. Email: [email protected]
Cite this: Chem. Mater. 2020, 32, 10, 4116–4143
Publication Date (Web):April 20, 2020
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c00204
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

The use of diamond nanoparticles in catalysis has attracted considerable interest during the last three decades since these materials have been made commercially available. Diamond nanoparticles have been employed as supports of a small metal or metal oxide nanoparticles, as scaffolds for covalent grafting of organic molecules or metal complexes, and as carbocatalysts by generating a few layers of sp2 carbons or other heteroatoms on the external surface. This review describes the main structural and chemical properties of diamond nanoparticles that have led to the development of catalysts with superior activity with respect to the use of analogous catalysts based on other carbon allotropes, carbon materials or even some benchmark metal oxides. These diamond-based materials have found superior applications as catalysts, photocatalysts, and more recently as carbocatalysts.

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