Sulfate Radical Photogeneration Using Fe-EDDS: Influence of Critical Parameters and Naturally Occurring Scavengers

View Author Information
Université Clermont Auvergne, Université Blaise Pascal, Institut de Chimie de Clermont-Ferrand, BP 10448, F-63000 CLE Clermont-Ferrand, France
CNRS, UMR 6296, ICCF, F-63171 Aubière, France
§ Shanghai Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Particle Pollution and Prevention, Department of Environmental Science & Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes UMR CNRS 6226, 11 Allée de Beaulieu, CS 50837, F-35708 RENNES Cedex 7, France
*E-mail: [email protected] (G.M.).
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2015, 49, 24, 14343–14349
Publication Date (Web):November 11, 2015
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society
Article Views
Read OnlinePDF (3 MB)
Supporting Info (1)»


In this study, the activation of persulfate induced by Fe(III)-ethylenediamine-N,N′-disuccinic acid (EDDS) under dark and irradiation conditions and the reactivity of the generated sulfate radical (SO4•–) under a wide range of experimental conditions were investigated by means of experimental kinetic analyses and modeling. The Fe(III)-EDDS induced activation of persulfate was found to be efficient across a wide range of pH value (3–7), whereas the second order rate constant of SO4•– with 4-tert-butylphenol (4tBP) kSO4•–,4tBP = (4.21 ± 0.22) × 109 M–1 s–1 was found to be unchanged between pH 2.5 and 8.5. Experimental and theoretical investigations showed clearly that the 4tBP degradation was enhanced in the presence of chloride (10 mM), whereas an almost complete inhibition was observed in the presence of carbonates (10 mM). For the first time, second order rate constants evaluated by laser flash photolysis experiments revealed that SO4•– has a similar reactivity with EDDS (6.21 × 109 M–1 s–1) and 4tBP (4.21 × 109 M–1 s–1). However, the secondary generated radicals (mainly Cl2•–) but also greater amounts of hydroxyl radicals formed in the presence of chloride can likely explain the enhancement of the 4tBP degradation rate. These results may have strong implications for the removal of organic pollutants via sulfate radical generation from contaminated waters, especially if the wastewater possesses carbonate and chloride concentrations consistent with those present in aquatic environments.

Supporting Information

Jump To

The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b03316.

  • Details of the analytical and LFP methods, and additional results for radical formation and kinetic degradation of 4tBP (PDF)

Terms & Conditions

Most electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. Such files may be downloaded by article for research use (if there is a public use license linked to the relevant article, that license may permit other uses). Permission may be obtained from ACS for other uses through requests via the RightsLink permission system:

Cited By

This article is cited by 79 publications.

  1. Xueying Yang, Jingsheng Cai, Xiaoning Wang, Yifan Li, Zhangxiong Wu, Winston Duo Wu, Xiao Dong Chen, Jingyu Sun, Sheng-Peng Sun, Zhaohui Wang. A Bimetallic Fe–Mn Oxide-Activated Oxone for In Situ Chemical Oxidation (ISCO) of Trichloroethylene in Groundwater: Efficiency, Sustained Activity, and Mechanism Investigation. Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (6) , 3714-3724.
  2. Ke Zhang, Kimberly M. Parker. Halogen Radical Oxidants in Natural and Engineered Aquatic Systems. Environmental Science & Technology 2018, 52 (17) , 9579-9594.
  3. Gen Wang, Weidong An, Yue Zhang, Zhuoyue Liu, Shengjiong Yang, Pengkang Jin, Dahu Ding. Mesoporous carbon framework supported Cu-Fe oxides as efficient peroxymonosulfate catalyst for sustained water remediation. Chemical Engineering Journal 2022, 430 , 133060.
  4. Hongwei Luo, Yifeng Zeng, Ying Cheng, Dongqin He, Xiangliang Pan. Activation of peroxymonosulfate by iron oxychloride with hydroxylamine for ciprofloxacin degradation and bacterial disinfection. Science of The Total Environment 2021, 799 , 149506.
  5. Jaemin Choi, Hyoung-il Kim, Jaesang Lee, Hongshin Lee. Role of nitrite ligands in enhancing sulfate radical production via catalytic peroxymonosulfate activation by cobalt complexes. Separation and Purification Technology 2021, 279 , 119698.
  6. Yankun Liu, Tian Qiu, Yanlin Wu, Shiyong Wang, Min Liu, Wenbo Dong. Remediation of soil contaminated with ibuprofen by persulfate activated with gallic acid and ferric iron. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 426 , 127653.
  7. Min Huang, Xiaolei Wang, Cun Liu, Guodong Fang, Juan Gao, Yujun Wang, Dongmei Zhou. Facile ball milling preparation of sulfur-doped carbon as peroxymonosulfate activator for efficient removal of organic pollutants. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 2021, 9 (6) , 106536.
  8. Francesco Furia, Marco Minella, Fabio Gosetti, Francesco Turci, Raffaella Sabatino, Andrea Di Cesare, Gianluca Corno, Davide Vione. Elimination from wastewater of antibiotics reserved for hospital settings, with a Fenton process based on zero-valent iron. Chemosphere 2021, 283 , 131170.
  9. Taoqin Chen, Jinzhe Li, Longqian Xu, Dong Zhang, Zheng Wang, Hongbin Chen. Deactivation of Caenorhabditis elegans nematodes in drinking water by PMS/UV-C: efficiency and mechanisms. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2021, 28 (41) , 58606-58616.
  10. Hongwei Luo, Chenyang Liu, Ying Cheng, Yifeng Zeng, Dongqin He, Xiangliang Pan. Fe(III) greatly promotes peroxymonosulfate activation by WS2 for efficient carbamazepine degradation and Escherichia coli disinfection. Science of The Total Environment 2021, 787 , 147724.
  11. Shu Cai, Qi Zhang, Ziqian Wang, Sheng Hua, Dahu Ding, Tianming Cai, Ruihong Zhang. Pyrrolic N-rich biochar without exogenous nitrogen doping as a functional material for bisphenol A removal: Performance and mechanism. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2021, 291 , 120093.
  12. Yuan Li, Yahong Shi, Dingfeng Huang, Yanlin Wu, Wenbo Dong. Enhanced activation of persulfate by Fe(III) and catechin without light: Reaction kinetics, parameters and mechanism. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2021, 413 , 125420.
  13. Zhi Xu, Zi-He Meng, Song-Hai Wu, Shi-Jie Wang, Peng-Yue Zhu, Yong Liu, Hai-Tao Ren, Shao-Yi Jia, Xu Han. Important contribution of Cu(III)-peroxo species to As(III) oxidation in the Cu(II)-S(IV) system. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 411 , 128406.
  14. Zhenkai Wang, Kaicheng Zhu, Jiali Chen, Guicheng Zhang, Winston Duo Wu, Sheng-Peng Sun. Oxone activation by UVA-irradiated FeIII-NTA complex: Efficacy, radicals formation and mechanism on crotamiton degradation. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 408 , 127324.
  15. Anaëlle Gabet, Hélène Métivier, Christine de Brauer, Gilles Mailhot, Marcello Brigante. Hydrogen peroxide and persulfate activation using UVA-UVB radiation: Degradation of estrogenic compounds and application in sewage treatment plant waters. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2021, 405 , 124693.
  16. Nuno P.F Gonçalves, Marco Minella, Gilles Mailhot, Marcello Brigante, Alessandra Bianco Prevot. Photo-activation of persulfate and hydrogen peroxide by humic acid coated magnetic particles for Bisphenol A degradation. Catalysis Today 2021, 361 , 43-49.
  17. Dennis Deemter, Isabel Oller, Ana M. Amat, Sixto Malato. Effect of salinity on preconcentration of contaminants of emerging concern by nanofiltration: Application of solar photo-Fenton as a tertiary treatment. Science of The Total Environment 2021, 756 , 143593.
  18. Jingling Yang, Mingshan Zhu, Dionysios D. Dionysiou. What is the role of light in persulfate-based advanced oxidation for water treatment?. Water Research 2021, 189 , 116627.
  19. Jie Ma, Yi Ding, Liping Chi, Xin Yang, Yingjie Zhong, Zhiheng Wang, Quan Shi. Degradation of benzotriazole by sulfate radical-based advanced oxidation process. Environmental Technology 2021, 42 (2) , 238-247.
  20. Yufang Tao, Olivier Monfort, Marcello Brigante, Hui Zhang, Gilles Mailhot. Phenanthrene decomposition in soil washing effluents using UVB activation of hydrogen peroxide and peroxydisulfate. Chemosphere 2021, 263 , 127996.
  21. Tianchan Zang, Hao Wang, Yinghao Liu, Li Dai, Shuang Zhou, Shiyun Ai. Fe-doped biochar derived from waste sludge for degradation of rhodamine B via enhancing activation of peroxymonosulfate. Chemosphere 2020, 261 , 127616.
  22. Xiaoning Wang, Marcello Brigante, Wenbo Dong, Zhangxiong Wu, Gilles Mailhot. Degradation of Acetaminophen via UVA-induced advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). Involvement of different radical species: HO , SO4− and HO2/O2−. Chemosphere 2020, 258 , 127268.
  23. Hongwei Luo, Ying Cheng, Yifeng Zeng, Kai Luo, Dongqin He, Xiangliang Pan. Rapid removal of organic micropollutants by heterogeneous peroxymonosulfate catalysis over a wide pH range: Performance, mechanism and economic analysis. Separation and Purification Technology 2020, 248 , 117023.
  24. Yanlin Wu, Tian Qiu, Yu Wang, Huihui Liu, Weiqiang Sun, Wenbo Dong, Gilles Mailhot. Application of a microbial siderophore desferrioxamine B in sunlight/Fe3+/persulfate system: from the radical formation to the degradation of atenolol at neutral pH. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2020, 27 (29) , 36782-36788.
  25. Kang Zhou, Zhenkai Wang, Xiaoning Wang, Ganlai Jiao, Yifan Li, Sheng-Peng Sun, Xiao Dong Chen. Degradation of emerging pharmaceutical micropollutants in municipal secondary effluents by low-pressure UVC-activated HSO5− and S2O82− AOPs. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 393 , 124712.
  26. Lei Zhou, Qing Zhao, Xuerui Yang, Corinne Ferronato, Jean-Marc Chovelon, Mohamad Sleiman, Claire Richard. Sulfate radical mediated degradation of 5-halogenosalicylic acids: Phenoxyl radical transformation pathways. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 394 , 124839.
  27. S. Jaber, M. Leremboure, V. Thery, A.-M. Delort, G. Mailhot. Mechanism of photochemical degradation of Fe(III)-EDDS complex. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry 2020, 399 , 112646.
  28. Gnougon Nina Coulibaly, Sami Rtimi, Aymen Amin Assadi, Khalil Hanna. Nano-sized iron oxides supported on polyester textile to remove fluoroquinolones in hospital wastewater. Environmental Science: Nano 2020, 7 (7) , 2156-2165.
  29. Jing Gao, Congwei Luo, Lu Gan, Daoji Wu, Fengxun Tan, Xiaoxiang Cheng, Weiwei Zhou, Shishun Wang, Fumiao Zhang, Jun Ma. A comparative study of UV/H2O2 and UV/PDS for the degradation of micro-pollutants: kinetics and effect of water matrix. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2020, 27 (19) , 24531-24541.
  30. Fei Peng, Ran Yin, Yuhong Liao, Xi Xie, Jianliang Sun, Dehua Xia, Chun He. Kinetics and mechanisms of enhanced degradation of ibuprofen by piezo-catalytic activation of persulfate. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 392 , 123818.
  31. Shuyu Dong, Xiaoxue Zhai, Ruobing Pi, Jinbao Wei, Yunpeng Wang, Xuhui Sun. Efficient degradation of naproxen by persulfate activated with zero-valent iron: performance, kinetic and degradation pathways. Water Science and Technology 2020, 81 (10) , 2078-2091.
  32. Peng Zhou, Xiaowei Huo, Jing Zhang, Yang Liu, Feng Cheng, Xin Cheng, Yunqi Wang, Yongli Zhang. Visible light induced acceleration of Fe(III)/Fe(II) cycles for enhancing phthalate degradation in C60 fullerenol modified Fe(III)/peroxymonosulfate process. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 387 , 124126.
  33. Xiao-Hong Ma, Ling Zhao, Yuan-Hua Dong. Oxidation degradation of 2,2′,5-trichlorodiphenyl in a chelating agent enhanced Fenton reaction: Influencing factors, products, and pathways. Chemosphere 2020, 246 , 125849.
  34. Yuan Zhang, Wenwei Jiang, Yongsheng Ren, Baoming Wang, Yong Liu, Quanxian Hua, Jianwei Tang. Efficient photocatalytic degradation of 2-chloro-4,6-dinitroresorcinol in salty industrial wastewater using glass-supported TiO2. Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering 2020, 37 (3) , 536-545.
  35. Jing Zhao, Xing Yang, Guiwei Liang, Zhaowei Wang, Shan Li, Zirun Wang, Xiaoyun Xie. Effective removal of two fluoroquinolone antibiotics by PEG-4000 stabilized nanoscale zero-valent iron supported onto zeolite (PZ-NZVI). Science of The Total Environment 2020, 710 , 136289.
  36. Xueming Lin, Yongwen Ma, Jinquan Wan, Yan Wang, Yongtao Li. Co0.59Fe0.41P nanocubes derived from nanoscale metal–organic frameworks for removal of diethyl phthalate by activation of peroxymonosulfate. Applied Catalysis A: General 2020, 589 , 117307.
  37. Zhuo-Yu Li, Lu Wang, Yu-Lei Liu, Qi Zhao, Jun Ma. Unraveling the interaction of hydroxylamine and Fe(III) in Fe(II)/Persulfate system: A kinetic and simulating study. Water Research 2020, 168 , 115093.
  38. Manoj P. Rayaroth, Thao P. Nguyen, Yoon-Seok Chang. Enhancement of the reactivity of sulfidized nanoscale zero-valent iron-persulfate by ligand addition for the oxidative degradation of water pollutants. Materials Today: Proceedings 2020, 33 , 1389-1395.
  39. Yuri Ivanovich Skurlatov, Elena Valentinovna Shtamm, Sergey Olegovich Travin, Vyacheslav Olegovich Shvydkiy, Lyudmila Vasilevna Semenyak. Role of Oxidation-Reduction Processes in Formation of Toxic Properties of Natural Aqueous Environment. 2020,,, 149-163.
  40. Yufang Tao, Marcello Brigante, Hui Zhang, Gilles Mailhot. Phenanthrene degradation using Fe(III)-EDDS photoactivation under simulated solar light: A model for soil washing effluent treatment. Chemosphere 2019, 236 , 124366.
  41. Yanlin Wu, Olivier Monfort, Wenbo Dong, Marcello Brigante, Gilles Mailhot. Enhancement of iron-mediated activation of persulfate using catechin: From generation of reactive species to atenolol degradation in water. Science of The Total Environment 2019, 697 , 134188.
  42. Gnougon Nina Coulibaly, Sungjun Bae, Joohyun Kim, Aymen Amin Assadi, Khalil Hanna. Enhanced removal of antibiotics in hospital wastewater by Fe–ZnO activated persulfate oxidation. Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology 2019, 5 (12) , 2193-2201.
  43. Junyi Huang, Shuping Yi, Chunmiao Zheng, Irene M.C. Lo. Persulfate activation by natural zeolite supported nanoscale zero-valent iron for trichloroethylene degradation in groundwater. Science of The Total Environment 2019, 684 , 351-359.
  44. Yaoyao Jin, Xiaoning Wang, Sheng-Peng Sun, Wenbo Dong, Zhangxiong Wu, Guoqing Bian, Winston Duo Wu, Xiao Dong Chen. Hydroxyl and sulfate radicals formation in UVA/FeIII-NTA/S2O82− system: Mechanism and effectiveness in carbamazepine degradation at initial neutral pH. Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 368 , 541-552.
  45. Lei Zhou, Chenzhi Yan, Mohamad Sleiman, Corinne Ferronato, Jean-Marc Chovelon, Xingbao Wang, Claire Richard. Sulfate radical induced degradation of β2-adrenoceptor agonists salbutamol and Terbutaline: Implication of halides, bicarbonate, and natural organic matter. Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 368 , 252-260.
  46. Zhao Gao, Hanpei Yang, Yang Cao, Qiangshun Wu, Li Kang, Jingtao Mao, Junming Wu. Complete mineralization of a humic acid by SO 4 ·− generated on CoMoO 4 /gC 3 N 4 under visible-light irradiation. Nanotechnology 2019, 30 (25) , 255704.
  47. P. Soriano-Molina, P. Plaza-Bolaños, A. Lorenzo, A. Agüera, J.L. García Sánchez, S. Malato, J.A. Sánchez Pérez. Assessment of solar raceway pond reactors for removal of contaminants of emerging concern by photo-Fenton at circumneutral pH from very different municipal wastewater effluents. Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 366 , 141-149.
  48. Wanjun Wang, Hanna Wang, Guiying Li, Taicheng An, Huijun Zhao, Po Keung Wong. Catalyst-free activation of persulfate by visible light for water disinfection: Efficiency and mechanisms. Water Research 2019, 157 , 106-118.
  49. Xiaoning Wang, Wenbo Dong, Marcello Brigante, Gilles Mailhot. Hydroxyl and sulfate radicals activated by Fe(III)-EDDS/UV: Comparison of their degradation efficiencies and influence of critical parameters. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2019, 245 , 271-278.
  50. Svetlana Popova, Galina Matafonova, Valeriy Batoev. Simultaneous atrazine degradation and E. coli inactivation by UV/S2O82-/Fe2+ process under KrCl excilamp (222 nm) irradiation. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 2019, 169 , 169-177.
  51. Yanlin Wu, Zhongyi Fang, Yahong Shi, Hongche Chen, Yankun Liu, Yifan Wang, Wenbo Dong. Activation of peroxymonosulfate by [email protected] catalyst for the degradation of atenolol: Kinetics, parameters, products and mechanism. Chemosphere 2019, 216 , 248-257.
  52. Xiaoning Wang, Marcello Brigante, Gilles Mailhot, Wenbo Dong. Bismuth catalyst mediated degradation of p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid: Photoactivation, interfacial mechanism, and influence of some critical parameters. Chemical Engineering Journal 2018, 349 , 822-828.
  53. Fatemeh Sepyani, Reza Darvishi Cheshmeh Soltani, Sahand Jorfi, Hatam Godini, Mahdi Safari. Implementation of continuously electro-generated Fe3O4 nanoparticles for activation of persulfate to decompose amoxicillin antibiotic in aquatic media: UV254 and ultrasound intensification. Journal of Environmental Management 2018, 224 , 315-326.
  54. Yanan Yuan, Dan Zhao, Jinjun Li, Feng Wu, Marcello Brigante, Gilles Mailhot. Rapid oxidation of paracetamol by Cobalt(II) catalyzed sulfite at alkaline pH. Catalysis Today 2018, 313 , 155-160.
  55. Peiyao Ran, Shu Zhu, Jinyi Song, Jingling Wu, Fangjing Mo, Yingzi Fu. A widened emission window of the peroxydisulfate-oxygen system for the detection of L -alanine. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 2018, 169 , 418-421.
  56. Yanlin Wu, Yahong Shi, Hongche Chen, Jianfu Zhao, Wenbo Dong. Activation of persulfate by magnetite: Implications for the degradation of low concentration sulfamethoxazole. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 2018, 116 , 468-476.
  57. Yaoyao Jin, Sheng-Peng Sun, Xueying Yang, Xiao Dong Chen. Degradation of ibuprofen in water by FeII-NTA complex-activated persulfate with hydroxylamine at neutral pH. Chemical Engineering Journal 2018, 337 , 152-160.
  58. Wenyu Huang, Angelica Bianco, Marcello Brigante, Gilles Mailhot. UVA-UVB activation of hydrogen peroxide and persulfate for advanced oxidation processes: Efficiency, mechanism and effect of various water constituents. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2018, 347 , 279-287.
  59. Kejia Zhang, Xinyan Zhou, Tuqiao Zhang, Lang Yu, Zheming Qian, Wenchao Liao, Cong Li. Degradation of the earthy and musty odorant 2,4,6-tricholoroanisole by persulfate activated with iron of different valences. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2018, 25 (4) , 3435-3445.
  60. Ai-Yong Zhang, Yuan-Yi He, You-Peng Chen, Jing-Wei Feng, Nai-Hui Huang, Fei Lian. Degradation of organic pollutants by Co3O4-mediated peroxymonosulfate oxidation: Roles of high-energy {0 0 1}-exposed TiO2 support. Chemical Engineering Journal 2018, 334 , 1430-1439.
  61. P. Soriano-Molina, J.L. García Sánchez, S. Malato, L.A. Pérez-Estrada, J.A. Sánchez Pérez. Effect of volumetric rate of photon absorption on the kinetics of micropollutant removal by solar photo-Fenton with Fe3+-EDDS at neutral pH. Chemical Engineering Journal 2018, 331 , 84-92.
  62. Jie Ma, Yongqi Yang, Xianchenghao Jiang, Zhuoting Xie, Xiaoxuan Li, Changzhao Chen, Hongkun Chen. Impacts of inorganic anions and natural organic matter on thermally activated persulfate oxidation of BTEX in water. Chemosphere 2018, 190 , 296-306.
  63. Dehua Xia, Ran Yin, Jianliang Sun, Taicheng An, Guiying Li, Wanjun Wang, Huijun Zhao, Po Keung Wong. Natural magnetic pyrrhotite as a high-Efficient persulfate activator for micropollutants degradation: Radicals identification and toxicity evaluation. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2017, 340 , 435-444.
  64. Yuefei Ji, Lu Wang, Mengdi Jiang, Junhe Lu, Corinne Ferronato, Jean-Marc Chovelon. The role of nitrite in sulfate radical-based degradation of phenolic compounds: An unexpected nitration process relevant to groundwater remediation by in-situ chemical oxidation (ISCO). Water Research 2017, 123 , 249-257.
  65. A. Bianco, M.I. Polo−López, P. Fernández−Ibáñez, M. Brigante, G. Mailhot. Disinfection of water inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis using solar/Fe(III)EDDS-H2O2 or S2O82− process. Water Research 2017, 118 , 249-260.
  66. Antonella De Luca, Xuexiang He, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Renato F. Dantas, Santiago Esplugas. Effects of bromide on the degradation of organic contaminants with UV and Fe 2+ activated persulfate. Chemical Engineering Journal 2017, 318 , 206-213.
  67. Lei Zhou, Ya Zhang, Rongrong Ying, Guoqing Wang, Tao Long, Jianhua Li, Yusuo Lin. Thermoactivated persulfate oxidation of pesticide chlorpyrifos in aquatic system: kinetic and mechanistic investigations. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2017, 24 (12) , 11549-11558.
  68. Grazia Lanzafame, Mohamed Sarakha, Debora Fabbri, Davide Vione. Degradation of Methyl 2-Aminobenzoate (Methyl Anthranilate) by H2O2/UV: Effect of Inorganic Anions and Derived Radicals. Molecules 2017, 22 (4) , 619.
  69. Dehua Xia, Yan Li, Guocheng Huang, Ran Yin, Taicheng An, Guiying Li, Huijun Zhao, Anhuai Lu, Po Keung Wong. Activation of persulfates by natural magnetic pyrrhotite for water disinfection: Efficiency, mechanisms, and stability. Water Research 2017, 112 , 236-247.
  70. Lei Zhou, Corinne Ferronato, Jean-Marc Chovelon, Mohamad Sleiman, Claire Richard. Investigations of diatrizoate degradation by photo-activated persulfate. Chemical Engineering Journal 2017, 311 , 28-36.
  71. Hang Cui, Xiaogang Gu, Shuguang Lu, Xiaori Fu, Xiang Zhang, George Y. Fu, Zhaofu Qiu, Qian Sui. Degradation of ethylbenzene in aqueous solution by sodium percarbonate activated with EDDS–Fe(III) complex. Chemical Engineering Journal 2017, 309 , 80-88.
  72. Andreas Uwe Meyer, Alexander Wimmer, Burkhard König. Visible-Light-Accelerated C−H Sulfinylation of Heteroarenes. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2017, 56 (1) , 409-412.
  73. Andreas Uwe Meyer, Alexander Wimmer, Burkhard König. C‐H‐Sulfinylierung von Heteroaromaten beschleunigt durch sichtbares Licht. Angewandte Chemie 2017, 129 (1) , 420-423.
  74. Tzu-Han Cheng, Chun-Ping Huang, Yao-Hui Huang, Yu-Jen Shih. Kinetic study and optimization of electro-Fenton process for dissolution and mineralization of ion exchange resins. Chemical Engineering Journal 2017, 308 , 954-962.
  75. Yanlin Wu, Romain Prulho, Marcello Brigante, Wenbo Dong, Khalil Hanna, Gilles Mailhot. Activation of persulfate by Fe(III) species: Implications for 4-tert-butylphenol degradation. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2017, 322 , 380-386.
  76. Canlan Jiang, Yuefei Ji, Yuanyuan Shi, Jifei Chen, Tianming Cai. Sulfate radical-based oxidation of fluoroquinolone antibiotics: Kinetics, mechanisms and effects of natural water matrices. Water Research 2016, 106 , 507-517.
  77. Tao Zeng, Haiyan Zhang, Zhiqiao He, Jianmeng Chen, Shuang Song. Mussel-inspired approach to constructing robust cobalt-embedded N-doped carbon nanosheet toward enhanced sulphate radical-based oxidation. Scientific Reports 2016, 6 (1)
  78. Congwei Luo, Jin Jiang, Jun Ma, Suyan Pang, Yongze Liu, Yang Song, Chaoting Guan, Juan Li, Yixin Jin, Daoji Wu. Oxidation of the odorous compound 2,4,6-trichloroanisole by UV activated persulfate: Kinetics, products, and pathways. Water Research 2016, 96 , 12-21.
  79. Xiujuan Kong, Jin Jiang, Jun Ma, Yi Yang, Weili Liu, Yulei Liu. Degradation of atrazine by UV/chlorine: Efficiency, influencing factors, and products. Water Research 2016, 90 , 15-23.