Effective Recovery of Vanadium from Oil Refinery Waste into Vanadium-Based Metal–Organic Frameworks

  • Guowu Zhan
    Guowu Zhan
    Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 4, 117585, Singapore
    More by Guowu Zhan
  • Wei Cheng Ng
    Wei Cheng Ng
    NUS Environmental Research Institute, National University of Singapore, 1 Create Way, Create Tower #15-02, 138602, Singapore
    More by Wei Cheng Ng
  • Wenlin Yvonne Lin
    Wenlin Yvonne Lin
    Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 4, 117585, Singapore
  • Shin Nuo Koh
    Shin Nuo Koh
    Sembcorp Industries Ltd., 30 Hill Street #05-04, 179360, Singapore
    More by Shin Nuo Koh
  • , and 
  • Chi-Hwa Wang*
    Chi-Hwa Wang
    Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 4, 117585, Singapore
    *Phone: +65-65165079; fax: +65-67791936; e-mail: [email protected]
    More by Chi-Hwa Wang
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2018, 52, 5, 3008–3015
Publication Date (Web):February 5, 2018
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society
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Carbon black waste, an oil refinery waste, contains a high concentration of vanadium(V) leftover from the processing of crude oil. For the sake of environmental sustainability, it is therefore of interest to recover the vanadium as useful products instead of disposing of it. In this work, V was recovered in the form of vanadium-based metal–organic frameworks (V-MOFs) via a novel pathway by using the leaching solution of carbon black waste instead of commercially available vanadium chemicals. Two different types of V-MOFs with high levels of crystallinity and phase purity were fabricated in very high yields (>98%) based on a coordination modulation method. The V-MOFs exhibited well-defined and controlled shapes such as nanofibers (length: > 10 μm) and nanorods (length: ∼270 nm). Furthermore, the V-MOFs showed high catalytic activities for the oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde, indicating the strong potential of the waste-derived V-MOFs in catalysis applications. Overall, our work offers a green synthesis pathway for the preparation of V-MOFs by using heavy metals of industrial waste as the metal source.

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The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b04989.

  • More characterization results of V-MOFs, carbon black waste, and the leaching solutions, including Figures S1–S11 and Table S1, S2 (PDF)

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