Carbon Materials Inhibit Formation of Nitrated Aromatic Products in Treatment of Phenolic Compounds by Thermal Activation of Peroxydisulfate in the Presence of Nitrite

  • Chaoting Guan
    Chaoting Guan
    Institute of Environmental and Ecological Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
    State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
  • Jin Jiang*
    Jin Jiang
    Institute of Environmental and Ecological Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
    State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
    *Phone: +86-020-39322141. Fax: +86-020-39322141. E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
    More by Jin Jiang
  • Yongming Shen
    Yongming Shen
    Institute of Environmental and Ecological Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Suyan Pang
    Suyan Pang
    Key Laboratory of Songliao Aquatic Environment, Ministry of Education, School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Jilin Jianzhu University, Changchun 130118, China
    More by Suyan Pang
  • Congwei Luo
    Congwei Luo
    School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan 250010, China
    More by Congwei Luo
  • , and 
  • Xi Zhao
    Xi Zhao
    State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
    More by Xi Zhao
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2019, 53, 15, 9054–9062
Publication Date (Web):July 8, 2019
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b01354
Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society
Article Views
1135
Altmetric
-
Citations
LEARN ABOUT THESE METRICS
Read OnlinePDF (3 MB)
Supporting Info (1)»

Abstract

Recent studies have reported that toxic nitrated aromatic products are generated during treatment of phenolic compounds by thermally activated peroxydisulfate (thermal/PDS) in the presence of nitrite (NO2). This work explored the potential of carbon materials on controlling the formation of nitrated aromatic products using phenol as a model compound. In the presence of selected carbon materials including diverse carbon nanotubes (CNT) and powdered activated carbon (PAC), the transformation kinetics of phenol was significantly enhanced, primarily attributed to nonradical activation of PDS by carbon materials. Nitrophenols (NPs) including 2-NP and 4-NP were formed in phenol oxidation by the thermal/PDS/NO2 process, due to the reaction of phenol with reactive nitrogen species generated from NO2 oxidation. The addition of carbon materials obviously inhibited NPs formation under various experimental conditions. The bonding of nitro groups on the CNT surface was clearly confirmed by means of various characterizations, probably resulting from the competitive reaction of reactive nitrogen species with CNT vs phenol. The controlling effect of carbon materials was also verified in the cases of other phenolic compounds. Therefore, the addition of carbon materials may be a promising approach to control the formation of undesirable nitrated byproducts by the thermal/PDS process in the presence of NO2.

Supporting Information

ARTICLE SECTIONS
Jump To

The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b01354.

  • Figures S1–S12, effects on phenol oxidation, HPLC/ESI-QqQMS chromatograms, BA oxidation, NO2 or NO3 adsorption, EDX maps, phenolic compounds oxidation; Table S1, principal reactions in treatment of phenol; and Texts S1–S5, sources of reagents and stock solutions preparation, HPLC/ESI-QqQMS analysis, CNT characterizations, calculation of SO4•– and NO2•– steady-state concentrations, extrapolation to other phenolic compounds (PDF)

Terms & Conditions

Most electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. Such files may be downloaded by article for research use (if there is a public use license linked to the relevant article, that license may permit other uses). Permission may be obtained from ACS for other uses through requests via the RightsLink permission system: http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html.

Cited By


This article is cited by 6 publications.

  1. Teng Zhang, Jiayue Dong, Yuefei Ji, Deyang Kong, Junhe Lu. Photodegradation of benzophenones sensitized by nitrite. Science of The Total Environment 2022, 802 , 149850. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149850
  2. Zijun Dong, Chengchun Jiang, Jiebin Duan, Jin Jiang, Su-yan Pang, Yang Zhou, Yuan Gao, Zhen Wang, Juan Li, Qin Guo. Formation of nitrosated and nitrated aromatic products of concerns in the treatment of phenols by the combination of peroxymonosulfate and hydroxylamine. Chemosphere 2021, 282 , 131057. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131057
  3. Huajing Zhou, Dongxiu Lu, Shangquan Fang, Chang Liu, Yuancai Chen, Yongyou Hu, Qijin Luo. Prompting direct single electron transfer to produce non-radical 1O2/H* by electro-activating peroxydisulfate process with core-shell cathode. Journal of Environmental Management 2021, 287 , 112294. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112294
  4. Giovanna Marussi, Davide Vione. Secondary Formation of Aromatic Nitroderivatives of Environmental Concern: Photonitration Processes Triggered by the Photolysis of Nitrate and Nitrite Ions in Aqueous Solution. Molecules 2021, 26 (9) , 2550. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26092550
  5. Daniel T. Oyekunle, Xinquan Zhou, Ajmal Shahzad, Zhuqi Chen. Review on carbonaceous materials as persulfate activators: structure–performance relationship, mechanism and future perspectives on water treatment. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2021, 9 (13) , 8012-8050. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1TA00033K
  6. Weijian Duan, Jinglei He, Ziliang Wei, Zongren Dai, Chunhua Feng. A unique Si-doped carbon nanocatalyst for peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation: insights into the singlet oxygen generation mechanism and the abnormal salt effect. Environmental Science: Nano 2020, 7 (10) , 2982-2994. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0EN00848F