Advanced Oxidation Process with Peracetic Acid and Fe(II) for Contaminant Degradation

  • Juhee Kim
    Juhee Kim
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, United States
    More by Juhee Kim
  • Tianqi Zhang
    Tianqi Zhang
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, United States
    More by Tianqi Zhang
  • Wen Liu
    Wen Liu
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, United States
    College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    More by Wen Liu
  • Penghui Du
    Penghui Du
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, United States
    Beijing Engineering Research Center of Process Pollution Control, Division of Environment Technology and Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    More by Penghui Du
  • Jordan T. Dobson
    Jordan T. Dobson
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, United States
  • , and 
  • Ching-Hua Huang*
    Ching-Hua Huang
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, United States
    *E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2019, 53, 22, 13312–13322
Publication Date (Web):October 22, 2019
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b02991
Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

Fe(II) is an excellent promoter for advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) because of its environmental ubiquity and low toxicity. This study is among the first to characterize the reaction of peracetic acid (PAA) with Fe(II) ion and apply the Fe(II)/PAA AOP for degradation of micropollutants. PAA reacts with Fe(II) (k = 1.10 × 105–1.56 × 104 M–1 s–1 at pH 3.0–8.1) much more rapidly than H2O2 and outperforms the coexistent H2O2 for reaction with Fe(II). While PAA alone showed minimal reactivity with methylene blue, naproxen, and bisphenol-A, significant abatement (48–98%) of compounds was observed by Fe(II)/PAA at initial pH of 3.0–8.2. The micropollutant degradation by Fe(II)/PAA exhibited two kinetic phases (very rapid then slow) related to PAA and H2O2, respectively. Based on experimental evidence, formation of carbon-centered radicals (CH3C(O)O, CH3C(O), and CH3), OH, and Fe(IV) reactive intermediate species from the PAA and Fe(II) reactions in the presence of H2O2 is hypothesized. The carbon-centered radicals and/or Fe(IV) likely played an important role in micropollutant degradation in the initial kinetic phase, while OH was important in the second reaction phase. The transformation products of micropollutants showed lower model-predicted toxicity than their parent compounds. This study significantly advances the understanding of PAA and Fe(II) reaction and demonstrates Fe(II)/PAA to be a feasible advanced oxidation technology.

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The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b02991.

  • Text S1–S7, details of materials and methods; Tables S1–S10, experimental data; and Figures S1–S15, illustrations of experimental results (PDF)

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