Cooperative Pollutant Adsorption and Persulfate-Driven Oxidation on Hierarchically Ordered Porous Carbon

  • Chiheng Chu
    Chiheng Chu
    Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8286, United States
    Nanotechnology-Enabled Water Treatment (NEWT), Yale University, 17 Hillhouse Ave, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, United States
    More by Chiheng Chu
  • Ji Yang
    Ji Yang
    State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China
    State Key Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces and MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis and Instrumentation, iChEM, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
    More by Ji Yang
  • Dahong Huang
    Dahong Huang
    Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8286, United States
    More by Dahong Huang
  • Jianfeng Li
    Jianfeng Li
    State Key Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces and MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis and Instrumentation, iChEM, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
    More by Jianfeng Li
  • Aiqin Wang*
    Aiqin Wang
    State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China
    *E-mail: [email protected] (A.W.).
    More by Aiqin Wang
  • Pedro J. J. Alvarez
    Pedro J. J. Alvarez
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005, United States
    Nanotechnology-Enabled Water Treatment (NEWT), Yale University, 17 Hillhouse Ave, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, United States
  • , and 
  • Jae-Hong Kim*
    Jae-Hong Kim
    Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8286, United States
    Nanotechnology-Enabled Water Treatment (NEWT), Yale University, 17 Hillhouse Ave, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, United States
    *E-mail: [email protected] (J.-H.K.).
    More by Jae-Hong Kim
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2019, 53, 17, 10352–10360
Publication Date (Web):August 6, 2019
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b03067
Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

This study presents a 3D hierarchically ordered porous carbon material (HOPC) that simultaneously achieves efficient adsorption of a range of water pollutants as well as catalytic oxidation of adsorbed pollutants. High adsorption capacity and rapid adsorption kinetics are attributed to the hydrophobic nature of the carbon substrate, the large surface area due to high porosity, and the relatively uniform size of pores that comprise the structure. The oxidative degradation is achieved by efficient mediation of electron transfer from pollutants to persulfate through the sp2-hybridized carbon and nitrogen network. As the persulfate activation and pollutant oxidation do not involve reactive radicals, oxidative degradation of the adsorbent is prevented, which has been a primary concern when adsorption and oxidation are combined either to regenerate adsorbate or to enhance oxidation performance. Batch tests showed that near complete removal of various recalcitrant micropollutants can be achieved within a short time (less than 1 min) even when treating a complex water matrix, as pollutants are concentrated on the surface of HOPC, where their oxidation is catalyzed.

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