Enhanced Sorption Cycle Stability and Kinetics of CO2 on Lithium Silicates Using the Lithium Ion Channeling Effect of TiO2 Nanotubes

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Graduate school of Energy, Environment, Water and Sustainability (EEWS), Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea
*E-mail: [email protected]. Tel: (+82) 42 350 1718.
Cite this: Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2017, 56, 12, 3413–3417
Publication Date (Web):March 2, 2017
Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society
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Lithium silicate (Li4SiO4) is a promising high temperature CO2 sorbent because of its large CO2 capacity at elevated temperatures with low materials cost. However, the conventional nonporous Li4SiO4 shows very poor CO2 adsorption kinetics. Thus, a Li4SiO4–TiO2 nanotubes complex was synthesized where LiOH and fumed silica would be calcined around TiO2 nanotubes. TiO2 nanotubes in Li4SiO4 structure functioning as open highways, lithium ions were able to channel through the bulky structure and enhance the sorption kinetics, leading the total adsorption capacity to near theoretical values. Furthermore, cyclic studies at 700 °C revealed strong stability over at least 10 cycles. These findings indicate that stability and kinetics of CO2 sorption can be greatly improved by the nanotube composites of known adsorbents.

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