Impact of a Titanium-Based Surface Coating Applied to Li[Ni0.5Mn0.3Co0.2]O2 on Lithium-Ion Cell Performance

  • Lin Ma
    Lin Ma
    Department of Chemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax B3H 4R2, Canada
    More by Lin Ma
  • Scott Young
    Scott Young
    Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax B3H 3J5, Canada
    More by Scott Young
  • L. D. Ellis
    L. D. Ellis
    Department of Chemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax B3H 4R2, Canada
    More by L. D. Ellis
  • Que Huang
    Que Huang
    State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China
    More by Que Huang
  • Xiaowei Ma
    Xiaowei Ma
    Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax B3H 3J5, Canada
    More by Xiaowei Ma
  • M. Chatzidakis
    M. Chatzidakis
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Canadian Centre for Electron Microscopy, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1, Canada
  • Hongyang Li
    Hongyang Li
    Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax B3H 3J5, Canada
    More by Hongyang Li
  • Lauren Thompson
    Lauren Thompson
    Department of Chemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax B3H 4R2, Canada
  • Ahmed Eldesoky
    Ahmed Eldesoky
    Department of Chemistry, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5A3, Canada
  • C. R. M. McFarlane
    C. R. M. McFarlane
    Department of Earth Sciences, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5A3, Canada
  • G. A. Botton
    G. A. Botton
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Canadian Centre for Electron Microscopy, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1, Canada
    More by G. A. Botton
  • Ian G. Hill
    Ian G. Hill
    Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax B3H 3J5, Canada
    More by Ian G. Hill
  • , and 
  • J. R. Dahn*
    J. R. Dahn
    Department of Chemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax B3H 4R2, Canada
    Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax B3H 3J5, Canada
    *E-mail: [email protected]
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Cite this: ACS Appl. Energy Mater. 2018, 1, 12, 7052–7064
Publication Date (Web):November 15, 2018
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.8b01472
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

The effect of a Ti-based surface coating on Li[Ni0.5Mn0.3Co0.2]O2 (NMC532) positive electrode material in NMC532/graphite Li-ion pouch cells has been investigated using high temperature storage testing (60 °C), ultrahigh precision coulometry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, accelerating rate calorimetry, and long-term cycling. Several superior electrolyte additive combinations were selected for this study. Comparing data from cells containing coated and uncoated NMC532 showed that the surface coating generally contributed to improved cell performance from many perspectives; however, for one electrolyte additive combination, cells containing coated and uncoated NMC532 had virtually identical excellent performance. In an effort to understand why the coating was effective, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to study the solid electrolyte interphases on both coated and uncoated NMC532. X-ray fluorescence studies of negative electrodes harvested from aged cells showed that the coating helped to prevent transition metal dissolution, although the amounts of metal dissolved were very small from both coated and uncoated NMC532. The “pouch bag” method was also used to study the effect of interactions between delithiated NMC532 (coated or uncoated) and lithiated graphite on gas evolution and impedance growth.

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The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b01472.

  • Descriptions of EELS; XRD pattern for coated and uncoated SC NMC532; Nyquist plots for all the EIS measurements; voltage drop during storage testing; XRF signal counts relationship among Ni, Mn, and Co deposited on the graphite side; pouch cell information in detail (PDF)

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