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High Catalytic Activity of Amorphous Ir-Pi for Oxygen Evolution Reaction

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Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-560012, India
*E-mail: [email protected]. Tel: +91-80-2293 3183.
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2015, 7, 29, 15765–15776
Publication Date (Web):July 1, 2015
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.5b02601
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

Large-scale production of hydrogen gas by water electrolysis is hindered by the sluggish kinetics of oxygen evolution reaction (OER) at the anode. The development of a highly active and stable catalyst for OER is a challenging task. Electrochemically prepared amorphous metal-based catalysts have gained wide attention after the recent discovery of a cobalt-phosphate (Co-Pi) catalyst. Herein, an amorphous iridium-phosphate (Ir-Pi) is investigated as an oxygen evolution catalyst. The catalyst is prepared by the anodic polarization of carbon paper electrodes in neutral phosphate buffer solutions containing IrCl3. The Ir-Pi film deposited on the substrate has significant amounts of phosphate and Ir centers in an oxidation state higher than +4. Phosphate plays a significant role in the deposition of the catalyst and also in its activity toward OER. The onset potential of OER on the Ir-Pi is about 150 mV lower in comparison with the Co-Pi under identical experimental conditions. Thus, Ir-Pi is a promising catalyst for electrochemical oxidation of water.

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Cyclic voltammograms of the Ir-Pi electrodes before and after heat treatment (Figure S1), ECSA measurement (Figure S2), OER activity of the catalysts on FTO substrate (Figure S3), and SEM images after stability test (Figure S4). The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b02601.

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