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Inorganic–Organic Thiol–ene Coated Mesh for Oil/Water Separation

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Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States
*E-mail: [email protected]. Phone: +1 216-368-4566.
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2015, 7, 33, 18566–18573
Publication Date (Web):August 3, 2015
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.5b04980
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

A highly efficient mesh for oil/water separation was fabricated by using a superhydrophobic and superoleophilic coating of thiol–ene hybrid, consisting of pentaerythritol tetra(3-mercaptopropionate) (PETMP), 2,4,6,8-tetramethyl-2,4,6,8-tetravinylcyclotetrasiloxane (TMTVSi), and hydrophobic fumed silica nanoparticles, via a simple two-step fabrication process. Spray deposition and UV curing photopolymerization were sequentially performed, during which solvent evaporation provides microscale roughness while nanoparticle aggregation forms nanoscale roughness. The hierarchical morphologies were stabilized after UV curing photopolymerization. High contact angle (>150°) and low roll-off angle (<5°) were achieved due to the multiscale roughness structure of the hierarchical morphologies. These coatings also have excellent chemical resistance, as well as temperature and pH stability, after curing.

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The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b04980.

  • UV–vis spectrum of the uncured thiol–ene solution; FTIR spectrum of individual resin components TMTVSi, PETMP, hydrophobic silica nanoparticles (Aerosil 812S), DMPA; mechanism of initiating process of DMPA.; IR spectrum of water/oil separation product in ACN and water with different concentration in ACN; calibration curves of IR spectra for different water concentraions in ACN: cooking oil, hexane, kerosene, and crude oil; demonstration experiment of self-cleaning effect; contact angles of meshes with different mesh numbers after being kept at 300 °C for 50 min. (PDF)

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