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Shape-Dependent Photocatalytic Activity of Hydrothermally Synthesized Cadmium Sulfide Nanostructures

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Materials Science Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, W.B. 721 302, India
*E-mail [email protected] (D.P.).
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2017, 9, 11, 9669–9680
Publication Date (Web):February 24, 2017
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b16456
Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

The effective surface area of the nanostructured materials is known to play a prime role in catalysis. Here we demonstrate that the shape of the nanostructured materials plays an equally important role in their catalytic activity. Hierarchical CdS microstructures with different morphologies such as microspheres assembled of nanoplates, nanorods, nanoparticles, and nanobelts are synthesized using a simple hydrothermal method by tuning the volume ratio of solvents, i.e., water or ethylenediamine (en). With an optimum solvent ratio of 3:1 water:en, the roles of other synthesis parameters such as precursor’s ratio, temperature, and precursor combinations are also explored and reported here. Four selected CdS microstructures are used as photocatalysts for the degradation of methylene blue and photoelectrochemical water splitting for hydrogen generation. In spite of smaller effective surface area of CdS nanoneedles/nanorods than that of CdS nanowires network, the former exhibits higher catalytic activity under visible light irradiation which is ascribed to the reduced charge recombination as confirmed from the photoluminescence study.

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The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b16456.

  • N2 adsorption–desorption isotherm plots, SEM images, UV–vis absorption, photoluminescence spectra, schematics on photoelectrocatalytic and photocatalytic mechanism (PDF)

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