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Novel Flexible Self-Standing Pt/Al2O3 Nanofibrous Membranes: Synthesis and Multifunctionality for Environmental Remediation

  • Yan Wang
    Yan Wang
    Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Science and Technology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, P. R. China
    More by Yan Wang
  • Sihui Zhan
    Sihui Zhan
    College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, P. R. China
    More by Sihui Zhan
  • Song Di
    Song Di
    Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Science and Technology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, P. R. China
    More by Song Di
  • , and 
  • Xu Zhao*
    Xu Zhao
    Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Science and Technology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, P. R. China
    *E-mail: [email protected]
    More by Xu Zhao
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2018, 10, 31, 26396–26404
Publication Date (Web):July 12, 2018
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b07637
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

In spite of intensive research investigating the prevalent Pt/Al2O3 catalysts, achieving macroscopic morphology beyond the powder form limitations remains highly challenging. Meanwhile, current impregnation-based preparation approaches show the drawbacks of tedious procedures and inefficient use of noble metals. Therefore, it is important to search for new methods for the fabrication of Pt/Al2O3 catalysts with a novel morphology. In this study, a novel Pt/Al2O3 nanofibrous membrane catalyst is fabricated via a facile one-pot electrospinning process. The embedding of Pt nanoparticles is performed simultaneously with the formation of Al2O3 nanofibers. The Pt/Al2O3 membranes show remarkable mechanical properties with tensile stresses as high as 44.14 MPa. Notably, the Pt/Al2O3 membranes exhibit multifunctionality with excellent performance characteristics. The catalytic experiments indicate that 100% of bisphenol A is removed within 60 min, and 100% of CO is completely converted to CO2 at 242 °C when Pt/Al2O3 membranes are used as catalysts. The membranes also exhibit excellent filtration performance, clearly decreasing the turbidity of water, and meet the high efficiency of particulate air filter standards. The excellent flexibility, satisfying mechanical property, and multifunctionality extend the range of potential application of the Pt/Al2O3 membranes. Moreover, the facile synthesis suggests new possibilities for the fabrication of many membrane-form Al2O3-supported catalysts.

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The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b07637.

  • Experimental section; SEM and STEM analysis of the Pt/Al2O3 membranes; discussion on various Pt precursor; low-magnification SEM image; adsorption of BPA; ESR spectra; properties of ultrapure water (PDF)

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