Emerging Materials in Heterogeneous Electrocatalysis Involving Oxygen for Energy Harvesting

  • Moumita Rana
    Moumita Rana
    IMDEA Materials Institute, C/Eric Kandel 2, Parque de Tecnogetafe, Getafe 28906, Spain
    More by Moumita Rana
  • Sanjit Mondal
    Sanjit Mondal
    Department of Chemical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research-Mohali, Sector 81, Mohali, SAS Nagar, Punjab 140306, India
  • Lipipuspa Sahoo
    Lipipuspa Sahoo
    Department of Chemical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research-Mohali, Sector 81, Mohali, SAS Nagar, Punjab 140306, India
  • Kaustav Chatterjee
    Kaustav Chatterjee
    Department of Chemical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research-Mohali, Sector 81, Mohali, SAS Nagar, Punjab 140306, India
  • Pitchiah E. Karthik
    Pitchiah E. Karthik
    Department of Chemical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research-Mohali, Sector 81, Mohali, SAS Nagar, Punjab 140306, India
  • , and 
  • Ujjal K. Gautam*
    Ujjal K. Gautam
    Department of Chemical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research-Mohali, Sector 81, Mohali, SAS Nagar, Punjab 140306, India
    *E-mail: [email protected]
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2018, 10, 40, 33737–33767
Publication Date (Web):September 17, 2018
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society
Article Views
Read OnlinePDF (13 MB)
Supporting Info (1)»


Water-based renewable energy cycle involved in water splitting, fuel cells, and metal-air batteries has been gaining increasing attention for sustainable generation and storage of energy. The major challenges in these technologies arise due to the poor kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and the oxygen evolution reactions (OER), besides the high cost of the catalysts. Attempts to address these issues have led to the development of many novel and inexpensive catalysts as well as newer mechanistic insights, particularly so in the last three-four years when more catalysts have been investigated than ever before. With the growing emphasis on bifunctionality, that is, materials that can facilitate both reduction and evolution of oxygen, this review is intended to discuss all major families of ORR, OER, and bifunctional catalysts such as metals, alloys, oxides, other chalcogenides, pnictides, and metal-free materials developed during this period in a single platform, while also directing the readers to specific and detailed review articles dealing with each family. In addition, each section highlights the latest theoretical and experimental insights that may further improve ORR/OER performances. The bifunctional catalysts being sufficiently new, no consensus appears to have emerged about the efficiencies. Therefore, a statistical analysis of their performances by considering nearly all literature reports that have appeared in this period is presented. The current challenges in rational design of these catalysts as well as probable strategies to improve their performances are presented.

Supporting Information

Jump To

The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b09024.

Terms & Conditions

Most electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. Such files may be downloaded by article for research use (if there is a public use license linked to the relevant article, that license may permit other uses). Permission may be obtained from ACS for other uses through requests via the RightsLink permission system: http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html.

Cited By

This article is cited by 31 publications.

  1. Veronica Celorrio, Andrew S. Leach, Haoliang Huang, Shusaku Hayama, Adam Freeman, David W. Inwood, David J. Fermin, Andrea E. Russell. Relationship between Mn Oxidation State Changes and Oxygen Reduction Activity in (La,Ca)MnO3 as Probed by In Situ XAS and XES. ACS Catalysis 2021, 11 (11) , 6431-6439. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.1c00997
  2. Papri Mondal, Jit Satra, Divesh N. Srivastava, Gopala Ram Bhadu, Bibhutosh Adhikary. Pdδ+-Mediated Surface Engineering of AgMnO4 Nanorods as Advanced Bifunctional Electrocatalysts for Highly Efficient Water Electrolysis. ACS Catalysis 2021, 11 (6) , 3687-3703. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.0c05638
  3. Lipipuspa Sahoo, Sanjit Mondal, Nayana Christudas Beena, A. Gloskovskii, Unnikrishnan Manju, D. Topwal, Ujjal K. Gautam. 3D Porous Polymeric-Foam-Supported Pd Nanocrystal as a Highly Efficient and Recyclable Catalyst for Organic Transformations. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2021, 13 (8) , 10120-10130. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.1c00497
  4. Hanghang Zeng, Xinyi Liu, Fengbo Chen, Zhiguo Chen, Xiaoli Fan, Woonming Lau. Single Atoms on a Nitrogen-Doped Boron Phosphide Monolayer: A New Promising Bifunctional Electrocatalyst for ORR and OER. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2020, 12 (47) , 52549-52559. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c13597
  5. Lipipuspa Sahoo, Ujjal K. Gautam. Boosting Bifunctional Oxygen Reduction and Methanol Oxidation Electrocatalytic Activity with 2D Superlattice-Forming Pd Nanocubes Generated by Precise Acid Etching. ACS Applied Nano Materials 2020, 3 (8) , 8117-8125. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.0c01543
  6. Sobia Dilpazir, Pengju Ren, Rongji Liu, Menglei Yuan, Muhammad Imran, Zhanjun Liu, Yongbing Xie, He Zhao, Yijun Yang, Xi Wang, Carsten Streb, Guangjin Zhang. Efficient Tetra-Functional Electrocatalyst with Synergetic Effect of Different Active Sites for Multi-Model Energy Conversion and Storage. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2020, 12 (20) , 23017-23027. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c05481
  7. Meng Huang, Hanyu Zhang, Song Yin, Xiaoxue Zhang, Jun Wang. PtAg Alloy Nanoparticles Embedded in Polyaniline as Electrocatalysts for Formate Oxidation and Hydrogen Evolution. ACS Applied Nano Materials 2020, 3 (4) , 3760-3766. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.0c00442
  8. Zhun Dong, Wanli Zhang, Yun Xiao, Yao Wang, Chenglong Luan, Congli Qin, Yin Dong, Mingxuan Li, Xiaoping Dai, Xin Zhang. One-Pot-Synthesized CoFe-Glycerate Hollow Spheres with Rich Oxyhydroxides for Efficient Oxygen Evolution Reaction. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2020, 8 (14) , 5464-5477. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b06579
  9. Qingzhu Shu, Zhangxun Xia, Wei Wei, Xinlong Xu, Ruili Sun, Ruoyi Deng, Quanhong Yang, Hong Zhao, Suli Wang, Gongquan Sun. Controllable Unzipping of Carbon Nanotubes as Advanced Pt Catalyst Supports for Oxygen Reduction. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2019, 2 (8) , 5446-5455. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.9b00506
  10. Jae-Hyeok Kim, Do Hong Kim, Ji Won Yoon, Zhengfei Dai, Jong-Heun Lee. Rational Design of Branched WO3 Nanorods Decorated with BiVO4 Nanoparticles by All-Solution Processing for Efficient Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting. ACS Applied Energy Materials 2019, 2 (6) , 4535-4543. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.9b00776
  11. Michelle A. Hunter, Julia M. T. A. Fischer, Marlies Hankel, Qinghong Yuan, Debra J. Searles. Doping Effects on the Performance of Paired Metal Catalysts for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling 2019, 59 (5) , 2242-2247. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jcim.9b00179
  12. Paweł Stelmachowski, Joanna Duch, David Sebastián, María Jesús Lázaro, Andrzej Kotarba. Carbon-Based Composites as Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Evolution Reaction in Alkaline Media. Materials 2021, 14 (17) , 4984. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14174984
  13. Shufang Tian, Qing Tang. Activating transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers as efficient electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction via single atom doping. Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2021, 9 (18) , 6040-6050. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1TC00668A
  14. Lipipuspa Sahoo, Sanjit Mondal, A. Gloskovskii, Arunabhiram Chutia, Ujjal K. Gautam. Unravelling charge-transfer in Pd to pyrrolic-N bond for superior electrocatalytic performance. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2021, 9 (17) , 10966-10978. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0TA12618G
  15. Lipipuspa Sahoo, Parmeet Kaur Dhindsa, Nihal C. P, Ujjal K. Gautam. ‘Pre-optimization’ of the solvent of nanoparticle synthesis for superior catalytic efficiency: a case study with Pd nanocrystals. Nanoscale Advances 2021, 3 (8) , 2366-2376. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0NA01006E
  16. Xiaodong Yang, Zihan Zhao, Qi Shen, Chen Xu, Chuanxin Shi, Wenwen Cao, Yiqiang Sun, Bo Xu. Morphology and electronic modulation of composite nanosheets for electrocatalytic oxygen evolution through partial and in situ transformation of NiFe-LDH. CrystEngComm 2021, 23 (7) , 1572-1577. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0CE01850C
  17. N. Alonizan, L. Chouiref, K. Omri, M. A. Gondal, Nawal Madkhali, Taher Ghrib, Abdullah I. Alhassan. Photocatalytic Activity, Microstructures and Luminescent Study of Ti-ZS:M Nano-composites Materials. Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials 2020, 30 (11) , 4372-4381. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10904-020-01598-3
  18. Xin Li, John Wang. Phosphorus‐Based Electrocatalysts: Black Phosphorus, Metal Phosphides, and Phosphates. Advanced Materials Interfaces 2020, 7 (18) , 2000676. https://doi.org/10.1002/admi.202000676
  19. Iyyappan Madakannu, Indrajit Patil, Bhalchandra A. Kakade, Kumara Ramanatha Datta Kasibhatta. Boosting oxygen evolution reaction performance by nickel substituted cobalt-iron oxide nanoparticles embedded over reduced graphene oxide. Materials Chemistry and Physics 2020, 252 , 123238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2020.123238
  20. Yiyi She, Jin Liu, Hongkang Wang, Li Li, Jinsong Zhou, Michael K. H. Leung. Bubble-like Fe-encapsulated N,S-codoped carbon nanofibers as efficient bifunctional oxygen electrocatalysts for robust Zn-air batteries. Nano Research 2020, 13 (8) , 2175-2182. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-020-2828-3
  21. Ram Kumar, Mounib Bahri, Yang Song, Francisco Gonell, Cyril Thomas, Ovidiu Ersen, Clément Sanchez, Christel Laberty-Robert, David Portehault. Phase selective synthesis of nickel silicide nanocrystals in molten salts for electrocatalysis of the oxygen evolution reaction. Nanoscale 2020, 12 (28) , 15209-15213. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0NR04284F
  22. Gracita M. Tomboc, Peng Yu, Taehyun Kwon, Kwangyeol Lee, Jinghong Li. Ideal design of air electrode—A step closer toward robust rechargeable Zn–air battery. APL Materials 2020, 8 (5) , 050905. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0005137
  23. Ashish Singh, Parul Verma, Debabrata Samanta, Tarandeep Singh, Tapas Kumar Maji. Bimodal Heterogeneous Functionality in Redox‐Active Conjugated Microporous Polymer toward Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction and Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution. Chemistry – A European Journal 2020, 26 (17) , 3810-3817. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201904938
  24. Xiaodong Yang, Bo Xu, Sitong Zhang, Zihan Zhao, Yiqiang Sun, Guangning Liu, Qisheng Liu, Cuncheng Li. Hierarchical Ni-BDC coated FeOOH nanosheets: A coordination tuning synergistic electrocatalyst with enhanced activity for water oxidation. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2020, 45 (16) , 9546-9554. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.01.159
  25. Aleksandr A. Kurilovich, Caleb T. Alexander, Egor M. Pazhetnov, Keith J. Stevenson. Active learning-based framework for optimal reaction mechanism selection from microkinetic modeling: a case study of electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction on carbon nanotubes. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2020, 22 (8) , 4581-4591. https://doi.org/10.1039/C9CP06190H
  26. Laura Coustan, Daniel Bélanger. Electrochemical activity of platinum, gold and glassy carbon electrodes in water-in-salt electrolyte. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 2019, 854 , 113538. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2019.113538
  27. Ming Peng, Yang Zhao, Dechao Chen, Yongwen Tan. Free‐Standing 3D Electrodes for Electrochemical Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide. ChemCatChem 2019, 11 (17) , 4222-4237. https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201900913
  28. Junchi Wu, Yuqiao Guo, Haifeng Liu, Jiyin Zhao, Haodong Zhou, Wangsheng Chu, Changzheng Wu. Room-temperature ligancy engineering of perovskite electrocatalyst for enhanced electrochemical water oxidation. Nano Research 2019, 12 (9) , 2296-2301. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-019-2409-5
  29. Ashish Singh, Debabrata Samanta, Tapas Kumar Maji. Realization of Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Electrocatalysis by In Situ Stabilization of Co Nanoparticles in a Redox‐Active Donor‐Acceptor Porous Organic Polymer. ChemElectroChem 2019, 6 (14) , 3756-3763. https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.201900905
  30. Cuihua Tian, Zhichen Liu, Yiqiang Wu, Xihong Lu, Tianyun Yang, Xu Tao, Yan Qing. Natural‐Cellulose‐Nanofibril‐Tailored NiFe Nanoparticles for Efficient Oxygen Evolution Reaction. ChemElectroChem 2019, 6 (13) , 3303-3310. https://doi.org/10.1002/celc.201900738
  31. Carla Casadevall, Alberto Bucci, Miquel Costas, Julio Lloret-Fillol. Water oxidation catalysis with well-defined molecular iron complexes. 2019,,, 151-196. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.adioch.2019.03.004