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Bifunctional, Moth-Eye-Like Nanostructured Black Titania Nanocomposites for Solar-Driven Clean Water Generation

  • Xinghang Liu
    Xinghang Liu
    Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials, Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional Materials, Hubei Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P. R. China
    More by Xinghang Liu
  • Haiyan Cheng
    Haiyan Cheng
    Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials, Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional Materials, Hubei Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P. R. China
    More by Haiyan Cheng
  • Zhenzhen Guo
    Zhenzhen Guo
    Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials, Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional Materials, Hubei Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P. R. China
    More by Zhenzhen Guo
  • Qian Zhan
    Qian Zhan
    Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials, Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional Materials, Hubei Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P. R. China
    More by Qian Zhan
  • Jingwen Qian
    Jingwen Qian
    Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials, Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional Materials, Hubei Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P. R. China
    More by Jingwen Qian
  • , and 
  • Xianbao Wang*
    Xianbao Wang
    Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials, Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional Materials, Hubei Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, P. R. China
    *E-mail: [email protected]. Tel/Fax: +86 27 88661729.
    More by Xianbao Wang
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2018, 10, 46, 39661–39669
Publication Date (Web):October 26, 2018
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b13374
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

Solar steam generation and photocatalytic degradation have been regarded as the most promising techniques to address clean water scarcity issues. Although enormous efforts have been devoted to exploring high-efficiency clean water generation, many challenges still remain in terms of single decontamination function, relatively low efficiency, and inability to practical application. Herein, we first report the bioinspired fabrication of black titania (BT) nanocomposites with moth-eye-like nanostructures on carbon cloth for solar-driven clean water generation through solar steam generation and photocatalytic degradation. The moth-eye-like BT nanoarrays can largely prolong the effective propagation path of absorbing light and enhance the scattering of light, thereby exhibiting outstanding light absorption of 96% in the full spectrum. Such hierarchical-nanostructured BT nanocomposites not only impressively achieve solar steam efficiency of 94% under a simulated light of 1 kW m–2 but also show the prominent performance of desalination and steam generation in real life condition. In addition, 96% of rhodamine B is degraded using BT nanocomposites as a photocatalyst in 100 min. The moth-eye-like bioinspired designing concept and bifunctional applications in this study may open up a new strategy for maximizing solar energy utilization and clean water generation.

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The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b13374.

  • Preparation of moth-eye-like hierarchical nanostructured black titania nanocomposites, mechanism of solar steam generation, kinetics of photocatalytic degradation, experimental flow chart for preparing the BTCC nanocomposites, optical image and SEM images of clean CC, SEM images of TCC nanocomposites, XRD pattern, Raman and XPS spectra of TCC nanocomposites, HRTEM images of BTCC nanocomposites, EPR and XPS spectra of rutile and the BTCC nanocomposites, water supply process of the BTCC nanocomposites, IR images of CC, TCC, and BTCC nanocomposites, comparison of solar evaporation of BTCC nanocomposites, outdoor test using BTCC nanocomposites in large area, mass change of evaporated water, photocatalytic mechanism schematic of black titania, process of solar steam generation and photocatalytic degradation, photocatalytic degradation properties, parameters of solar steam generation system (PDF)

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