Kinetics and Mechanism of Heterogeneous Water Oxidation by α-Mn2O3 Sintered on an FTO Electrode

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Institute of Science and Technology Research, Chubu University, Kasugai 487-8501, Japan
Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
§ JST ACT-C, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan
Cite this: ACS Catal. 2016, 6, 7, 4470–4476
Publication Date (Web):June 2, 2016
Copyright © 2016 American Chemical Society
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Kinetic studies of heterogeneous water oxidation by an α-Mn2O3/FTO electrocatalyst in nonaqueous (CH3CN/0.1 M n-Bu4NPF6 and DMF/0.1 M n-Bu4NPF6) and aqueous 0.1 M KPi (pH 7.0) solutions showed that the rate of water oxidation is first order in catalyst concentration and in H2O concentration. The square wave and cyclic voltammetry measurements reveal the stepwise proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) oxidations of the active MnII–OH2 site to MnIII–OH and then to MnIV═O and finally an electron transfer oxidation of MnIV═O to MnV═O species. The MnV═O species undergoes a rate-limiting O atom transfer to H2O to give a MnIII–OOH2 species that, in turn, undergoes further oxidations to release O2.

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