Facile and Effective Coloration of Dye-Inert Carbon Fiber Fabrics with Tunable Colors and Excellent Laundering Durability

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State Key Laboratory of New Textile Materials & Advanced Processing Technologies and Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials & Application, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan, Hubei 430200, China
Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials and Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional Materials, Hubei University, Wuhan, Hubei 430062, China
§ National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Silk, College for Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, China
State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001, China
Cite this: ACS Nano 2017, 11, 10, 10330–10336
Publication Date (Web):September 21, 2017
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b05139
Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

Carbon fiber is a good candidate in various applications, including in the military, structural, sports equipment, energy storage, and infrastructure. Coloring of carbon fiber has been a big challenge for decades due to their high degrees of crystallization and insufficient chemical affinity to dyes. Here, multicolored carbon fiber fabrics are fabricated using a feasible and effective atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique. The vibrant and uniform structural colors originating from thin-film interference is simply regulated by controlling the thickness of conformal TiO2 coatings on the surface of black carbon fibers. Impressively, the colorful coatings show excellent laundering durability, which can endure 50 cycles of domestic launderings. Moreover, the mechanical properties only drop off slightly after coloring. Overall, these results open an alternative avenue for development of TiO2 nanostructured films with multifunctional features grown using ALD technologies. This technology is speculated to have potential applications in various fields such as color engineering and radiation-proof fabrics and will further guide material design for future innovations in functional optical and color-display devices. More importantly, this research demonstrates a route for the coloring of black carbon fiber-based materials with vibrant colors.

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