High-Performance Photoelectronic Sensor Using Mesostructured ZnO Nanowires

View Author Information
College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
§ Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois 60115, United States
Cite this: ACS Sens. 2017, 2, 11, 1567–1572
Publication Date (Web):October 19, 2017
Copyright © 2017 American Chemical Society
Article Views
Read OnlinePDF (8 MB)
Supporting Info (1)»


Semiconductor photoelectrodes that simultaneously possess rapid charge transport and high surface area are highly desirable for efficient charge generation and collection in photoelectrochemical devices. Herein, we report mesostructured ZnO nanowires (NWs) that not only demonstrate a surface area as high as 50.7 m2/g, comparable to that of conventional nanoparticles (NPs), but also exhibit a 100 times faster electron transport rate than that in NP films. Moreover, using the comparison between NWs and NPs as an exploratory platform, we show that the synergistic effect between rapid charge transport and high surface area leads to a high performance photoelectronic formaldehyde sensor that exhibits a detection limit of as low as 5 ppb and a response of 1223% (at 10 ppm), which are, respectively, over 100 times lower and 20 times higher than those of conventional NPs-based device. Our work establishes a foundational pathway toward a better photoelectronic system by materials design.

Supporting Information

Jump To

The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: 10.1021/acssensors.7b00477.

  • Detailed description of experimental methods; SEM, TEM images, and XRD patterns; Current–time curves and photocurrent responses (PDF)

Terms & Conditions

Most electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. Such files may be downloaded by article for research use (if there is a public use license linked to the relevant article, that license may permit other uses). Permission may be obtained from ACS for other uses through requests via the RightsLink permission system: http://pubs.acs.org/page/copyright/permissions.html.

Cited By

This article is cited by 22 publications.

  1. Joshua M. Ziegler, Ilektra Andoni, Eric J. Choi, Lu Fang, Heriberto Flores-Zuleta, Nicholas J. Humphrey, Dong-Hwan Kim, Jihoon Shin, Hyunho Youn, Reginald M. Penner. Sensors Based Upon Nanowires, Nanotubes, and Nanoribbons: 2016–2020. Analytical Chemistry 2021, 93 (1) , 124-166. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.0c04476
  2. Hui Li, Shushu Chu, Qian Ma, Hang Li, Quande Che, Junpeng Wang, Gang Wang, Ping Yang. Multilevel Effective Heterojunctions Based on SnO2/ZnO 1D Fibrous Hierarchical Structure with Unique Interface Electronic Effects. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2019, 11 (34) , 31551-31561. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b10410
  3. Zahra Haghparas, Zoheir Kordrostami, Mohsen Sorouri, Maryam Rajabzadeh, Reza Khalifeh. Highly sensitive non-enzymatic electrochemical glucose sensor based on dumbbell-shaped double-shelled hollow nanoporous CuO/ZnO microstructures. Scientific Reports 2021, 11 (1) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-79460-2
  4. Jinmei Tian, Xu Chen, Tianqi Wang, Wenyuan Pei, Feng Li, Dan Li, Ying Yang, Xiangting Dong. Modification of indium oxide nanofibers by polyoxometalate electron acceptor doping for enhancement of gas sensing at room temperature. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 2021, 344 , 130227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2021.130227
  5. Xu-Xiu Chen, Li Chen, Gang Li, Liu-Xin Cai, Guang-Ya Miao, Zheng Guo, Fan-Li Meng. Selectively enhanced gas-sensing performance to n-butanol based on uniform CdO-decorated porous ZnO nanobelts. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 2021, 334 , 129667. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2021.129667
  6. Mayara Silva Araújo, Túlio Rolim Barretto, Juliana Costa Rolim Galvão, César Ricardo Teixeira Tarley, Luiz Henrrique Dall'Antônia, Roberto Matos, Roberta Antigo Medeiros. Visible Light Photoelectrochemical Sensor for Acetaminophen Determination using a Glassy Carbon Electrode Modified with BiVO 4 Nanoparticles. Electroanalysis 2021, 33 (3) , 663-671. https://doi.org/10.1002/elan.202060031
  7. Yuxuan Yang, Jiao Yang, Yongcheng He, Yingchun Li. A dual-signal mode ratiometric photoelectrochemical sensor based on voltage-resolved strategy for glucose detection. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 2021, 330 , 129302. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2020.129302
  8. Georges Dubourg, Marko Radović, Borislav Vasić. Laser-Tunable Printed ZnO Nanoparticles for Paper-Based UV Sensors with Reduced Humidity Interference. Nanomaterials 2021, 11 (1) , 80. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11010080
  9. Muthaiah Shellaiah, Kien Wen Sun. Inorganic-Diverse Nanostructured Materials for Volatile Organic Compound Sensing. Sensors 2021, 21 (2) , 633. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21020633
  10. Nurul Izrini Ikhsan, Perumal Rameshkumar. Binary metal oxide-modified electrochemical sensors for toxic chemicals. 2021,,, 51-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-820727-7.00002-1
  11. Ying Wang, Li Duan, Zhen Deng, Jianhui Liao. Electrically Transduced Gas Sensors Based on Semiconducting Metal Oxide Nanowires. Sensors 2020, 20 (23) , 6781. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20236781
  12. Marta Fiedot-Toboła, Patrycja Suchorska-Woźniak, Kamila Startek, Olga Rac-Rumijowska, Rafał Szukiewicz, Monika Kwoka, Helena Teterycz. Correlation between Microstructure and Chemical Composition of Zinc Oxide Gas Sensor Layers and Their Gas-Sensitive Properties in Chlorine Atmosphere. Sensors 2020, 20 (23) , 6951. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20236951
  13. Azam Javadi, Saadat Mokhtari, Seyedeh-Faezeh Moraveji, Forough-Azam Sayahpour, Maryam Farzaneh, Hamid Gourabi, Fereshteh Esfandiari. Short time exposure to low concentration of zinc oxide nanoparticles up-regulates self-renewal and spermatogenesis-related gene expression. The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology 2020, 127 , 105822. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocel.2020.105822
  14. Saeedeh Shahbazkhany, Mehdi Salehi, Mehdi Mousavi‐Kamazani. Facile synthesis, characterization, and decolorization activity of Mn 2+ and Al 3+ co‐doped hexagonal‐like ZnO nanostructures as photocatalysts. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2020, 34 (3) https://doi.org/10.1002/aoc.5346
  15. Qiong Wang, Min Zhou, Lei Zhang. A dual mode photoelectrochemical sensor for nitrobenzene and L-cysteine based on 3D flower-like [email protected] double interfacial heterojunction photoelectrode. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2020, 382 , 121026. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121026
  16. QiuPing Zhang, GuangZhong Xie, HongFei Du, Jing Yang, YuanJie Su, HuiLing Tai, Ming Xu, Kang Zhao. Adsorption behaviors of gas molecules on the surface of ZnO nanocrystals under UV irradiation. Science China Technological Sciences 2019, 62 (12) , 2226-2235. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11431-018-9409-1
  17. Rui Gao, Xiaoli Cheng, Shan Gao, Xianfa Zhang, Yingming Xu, Hui Zhao, Lihua Huo. Highly selective detection of saturated vapors of abused drugs by ZnO nanorod bundles gas sensor. Applied Surface Science 2019, 485 , 266-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.04.189
  18. Sahar Daemi, Shahram Ghasemi, Ali Akbar Ashkarran. Electrospun CuO-ZnO nanohybrid: Tuning the nanostructure for improved amperometric detection of hydrogen peroxide as a non-enzymatic sensor. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2019, 550 , 180-189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.04.091
  19. Lei Shi, Yu Yin, Lai-Chang Zhang, Shaobin Wang, Mika Sillanpää, Hongqi Sun. Design and engineering heterojunctions for the photoelectrochemical monitoring of environmental pollutants: A review. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2019, 248 , 405-422. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2019.02.044
  20. Yanwei Li, Zhenhua Tao, Na Luo, Guang Sun, Bo Zhang, Honghong Jin, Hari Bala, Jianliang Cao, Zhanying Zhang, Yan Wang. Single-crystalline porous nanoplates-assembled ZnO hierarchical microstructure with superior TEA sensing properties. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 2019, 290 , 607-615. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2019.04.026
  21. Xia Sheng, Tao Xu, Xinjian Feng. Rational Design of Photoelectrodes with Rapid Charge Transport for Photoelectrochemical Applications. Advanced Materials 2019, 31 (11) , 1805132. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201805132
  22. Jiangang Jiang, Ying Wang, Wenyi Ren, Yingge Xie, Yubin Chen. Surface modification of ZnO microrod arrays films by ion-exchange approach and their photoelectrochemical performances. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2018, 43 (30) , 13931-13938. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.02.004