Photoelectrochemical Characterization of Hydrogenated TiO2 Nanotubes as Photoanodes for Sensing Applications

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Centre for Clean Environment and Energy, Environmental Futures Centre, Griffith School of Environment, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Queensland 4222, Australia
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China
§ Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia
*E-mail: [email protected]. Tel: 61-7-55528155. Fax: 61-7-55528067.
Cite this: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2013, 5, 21, 11129–11135
Publication Date (Web):October 1, 2013
Copyright © 2013 American Chemical Society
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In this work, hydrogenated TiO2 nanotubes (H-TNTs) electrodes were successfully fabricated via the anodization of a titanium sheet followed by a hydrogenation process. Oxygen vacancies were induced in the crystalline structure of TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) as shallow donors that enhance the electronic conductivity of the TNTs. This improvement in the electronic conductivity and photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) performance was confirmed and evaluated by a photoelectrochemical characterization. Most importantly, the H-TNTs electrode was able to degrade potassium hydrogen phthalate (strong adsorbent) and glucose (weak adsorbent) indiscriminately. The corresponding photocurrents at the H-TNTs were 2-fold greater than that of the TNTs samples for the same concentrations of the organic compounds. This suggests that the H-TNTs electrode can be a promising sensor for the PEC determination of individual organic compounds or as an aggregative parameter of organic compounds (e.g., chemical oxygen demand).

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Experimental setup for X-ray photoelectron spectrometer, XPS survey spectra of the TNTs and H-TNTs samples, and plot of Inet against glucose concentration for TNTs. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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