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Study of Monometallic Pd/TiO2 Catalysts for the Hydrogenation of Succinic Acid in Aqueous Phase

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IC2MP, Institut de Chimie des Milieux et des Matériaux de Poitiers, Université de Poitiers, UMR 7285 CNRS, 4 rue Michel Brunet, 82022 Poitiers Cedex, France
IRCELYON, Institut de recherches sur la catalyse et l’environnement de Lyon, UMR 5256 CNRS-Université Lyon 1, 2 Avenue Albert Einstein, 69626 Villeurbanne, France
*E-mail: [email protected]. Tel.: +33-(0)5-49-45-39-94. Fax: +33-(0)5-49-45-37-41.
Cite this: ACS Catal. 2013, 3, 10, 2327–2335
Publication Date (Web):September 2, 2013
https://doi.org/10.1021/cs400534x
Copyright © 2013 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

A series of 2 wt % Pd/TiO2 monometallic catalysts were prepared by varying some parameters, such as the nature of the precursor salt, the titania support, and the preparation method. The structural and textural properties of the catalytic systems were fully characterized by several physical and chemical techniques (inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry, N2 physisorption, H2 chemisorption, transmission electron microscopy coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, temperature-programmed reduction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and gas phase reaction of cyclohexane dehydrogenation). The catalytic performances were further estimated for the hydrogenation of an aqueous solution of succinic acid (SUC) performed in a batch reactor at 160 °C and under 150 bar total pressure. The results showed that all the Pd catalysts are very selective to produce γ-butyrolactone, the first hydrogenated product. However, the rate of succinic acid conversion is a function of both the Pd dispersion and the preparation method. The deposition–precipitation method allows one to obtain the highest performing 2 wt % Pd/TiO2 samples during SUC hydrogenation in terms of activity and stability.

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