CO Oxidation Activity at Room Temperature over Au/CeO2 Catalysts: Disclosure of Induction Period and Humidity Effect

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Center for Hydrogen Energy and Liquid Fuels, Laboratory of Plasma Physical Chemistry, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
*E-mail: [email protected]. Tel./Fax: +86-411-84706094 (X.Z.).
*E-mail: [email protected]. Tel./Fax: +86-411-84986083 (C.S.).
Cite this: ACS Catal. 2014, 4, 10, 3481–3489
Publication Date (Web):August 26, 2014
Copyright © 2014 American Chemical Society
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CO oxidation at room temperature over the Au/CeO2 catalyst was investigated, of which the induction period arising from unreduced cationic Au was disclosed. The effect of humidity in reactant stream on catalyst activity was investigated during induction and deactivation periods. The induction period was significantly reduced from 44.8 min in dry stream to 3.3 min in wet stream containing 0.58 vol % of H2O. The induction period was slightly shortened by further increasing water concentration in the reactant stream. The maximum initial activity was achieved with a wet stream containing 0.74 vol % of H2O vapor. In situ DRIFTS measurements suggested that humidity contributed to the formation and consumption of reaction intermediates [COOH]s and hence enhanced the initial activity. After the induction period, the deactivation phenomena of Au/CeO2 catalyst at varied rates under both wet and dry streams were observed. In contrast to a slow deactivation under dry stream, a fast deactivation in wet stream was first observed due to rapid blockage of active sites by water adsorption, followed by a slow deactivation rate due to gradual formation of surface carbonate species over catalyst with time on stream. A mechanism was proposed to illustrate the existence of induction period under both wet and dry streams.

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DRIFT spectrum of Au/CeO2 catalyst (Figure S1), CO-TPSR profiles of Au/CeO2 (Figure S2) and HRTEM image of fresh Au/CeO2 catalyst (Figure S3). This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

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