PCE Oxidation by Sodium Persulfate in the Presence of Solids

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School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 311 Ferst Drive NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0512, United States
* Corresponding author phone: (202)564-8526; e-mail: [email protected]
†Present address: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.
‡Present address: DuPont Engineering, Houston, TX.
§Present address: CALMAR Associates LLC, Dorothy, NJ.
∥Present address: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA.
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2010, 44, 24, 9445–9450
Publication Date (Web):November 11, 2010
https://doi.org/10.1021/es100997a
Copyright © 2010 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

Batch reactor experiments were performed to determine the effects of solids on the oxidation of tetracholoroethylene (PCE) by sodium persulfate in aqueous solution. Based on the rates of PCE degradation and chloride formation, PCE oxidation by heat-activated sodium persulfate at 50 °C in the presence of solids ranged from no detectable oxidation of PCE to the levels observed in water-only reactors. Repeated doses of sodium persulfate, undertaken to overcome the inherent solids oxidant demand, improved the rate and extent of PCE oxidation in reactors containing reference solids; however, no improvement was observed in reactors containing field soils. Additionally, no improvements in PCE oxidation were observed after pretreating Great Lakes and Appling soils with ca. 15 g/kg of sodium persulfate or 30% hydrogen peroxide to remove oxidizable fractions, or acetic acid to remove the carbonate fraction. Based on these results, in situ treatment of Great Lakes and Appling soils with heat-activated sodium persulfate is not anticipated to result in substantial PCE oxidation, while in situ treatment of Fort Lewis soils is anticipated to result in PCE oxidation. This work demonstrates the need to perform soil-specific contaminant treatability tests rather than soil oxidant demand tests when determining oxidant dosage requirements.

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Arrhenius rate plot, similarity between degradation kinetics obtained from sacrificial and stirred batch reactors, PCE degradation and persulfate consumption during the initial persulfate treatment, solids oxidant demand, soil fractionation methods and results, and first-order kinetic model plots for each sequential persulfate treatment. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at http://pubs.acs.org.

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