Oxidizing Capacity of Periodate Activated with Iron-Based Bimetallic Nanoparticles

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Center for Water Resource Cycle, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 136-791, Korea
Geologic Environment Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 305-350, Korea
§ Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, United States
Urban and Environmental Engineering, and KIST-UNIST-Ulsan Center for Convergent Materials (KUUC), Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan 698-805, Korea
Energy Environmental Policy and Technology, Green School, Korea University-KIST, Seoul 136-701, Korea
# Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-701, Korea
*E-mail: [email protected]. Tel: +82-52-217-2812. Fax: +82-52-217-2809.
*E-mail: [email protected]. Tel: +82-2-958-6947. Fax: +82-2-958-5839.
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2014, 48, 14, 8086–8093
Publication Date (Web):June 4, 2014
Copyright © 2014 American Chemical Society
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Nanosized zerovalent iron (nFe0) loaded with a secondary metal such as Ni or Cu on its surface was demonstrated to effectively activate periodate (IO4) and degrade selected organic compounds at neutral pH. The degradation was accompanied by a stoichiometric conversion of IO4 to iodate (IO3). nFe0 without bimetallic loading led to similar IO4 reduction but no organic degradation, suggesting the production of reactive iodine intermediate only when IO4 is activated by bimetallic nFe0 (e.g., nFe0–Ni and nFe0–Cu). The organic degradation kinetics in the nFe0–Ni(or Cu)/IO4 system was substrate dependent: 4-chlorophenol, phenol, and bisphenol A were effectively degraded, whereas little or no degradation was observed with benzoic acid, carbamazepine, and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol. The substrate specificity, further confirmed by little kinetic inhibition with background organic matter, implies the selective nature of oxidant in the nFe0–Ni(or Cu)/IO4 system. The comparison with the photoactivated IO4 system, in which iodyl radical (IO3) is a predominant oxidant in the presence of methanol, suggests IO3 also as primary oxidant in the nFe0–Ni(or Cu)/IO4 system.

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