One- Versus Two-Electron Oxidation with Peroxomonosulfate Ion: Reactions with Iron(II), Vanadium(IV), Halide Ions, and Photoreaction with Cerium(III)

View Author Information
University of Debrecen, Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Debrecen 10, POB 21, Hungary, H-4010
* To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: [email protected]. Tel: + 36 52 512-900/22373. Fax: + 36 52 489-667.
Cite this: Inorg. Chem. 2009, 48, 4, 1763–1773
Publication Date (Web):January 21, 2009
Copyright © 2009 American Chemical Society
Article Views
Read OnlinePDF (421 KB)
Supporting Info (1)»


The kinetics of the redox reactions of the peroxomonosulfate ion (HSO5) with iron(II), vanadium(IV), cerium(III), chloride, bromide, and iodide ions were studied. Cerium(III) is only oxidized upon illumination by UV light and cerium(IV) is produced in a photoreaction with a quantum yield of 0.33 ± 0.03. Iron(II) and vanadium(IV) are most probably oxidized through one-electron transfer producing sulfate ion radicals as intermediates. The halide ions are oxidized in a formally two-electron process, which most likely includes oxygen-atom transfer. Comparison with literature data suggests that the activation entropies might be used as indicators distinguishing between heterolytic and homolytic cleavage of the peroxo bond in the redox reactions of HSO5.

Supporting Information

Jump To

Concentration dependence plots, ionic strength dependence plot, Eyring plots, and mathematical deductions of various equations. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at

Terms & Conditions

Most electronic Supporting Information files are available without a subscription to ACS Web Editions. Such files may be downloaded by article for research use (if there is a public use license linked to the relevant article, that license may permit other uses). Permission may be obtained from ACS for other uses through requests via the RightsLink permission system:

Cited By

This article is cited by 135 publications.

  1. Yu Lei, Xin Lei, Yafei Yu, Kaize Li, Zhe Li, Shuangshuang Cheng, Gangfeng Ouyang, Xin Yang. Rate Constants and Mechanisms for Reactions of Bromine Radicals with Trace Organic Contaminants. Environmental Science & Technology 2021, 55 (15) , 10502-10513.
  2. Yong-Yoon Ahn, Jaemin Choi, Minjeong Kim, Min Sik Kim, Donghyun Lee, Woo Hyuck Bang, Eun-Tae Yun, Hongshin Lee, Jung-Hyun Lee, Changha Lee, Sung Kyu Maeng, Seungkwan Hong, Jaesang Lee. Chloride-Mediated Enhancement in Heat-Induced Activation of Peroxymonosulfate: New Reaction Pathways for Oxidizing Radical Production. Environmental Science & Technology 2021, 55 (8) , 5382-5392.
  3. Wei Ren, Gang Nie, Peng Zhou, Hui Zhang, Xiaoguang Duan, Shaobin Wang. The Intrinsic Nature of Persulfate Activation and N-Doping in Carbocatalysis. Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (10) , 6438-6447.
  4. Kuan Z. Huang, Huichun Zhang. Highly Efficient Bromide Removal from Shale Gas Produced Water by Unactivated Peroxymonosulfate for Controlling Disinfection Byproduct Formation in Impacted Water Supplies. Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (8) , 5186-5196.
  5. Jaesang Lee, Urs von Gunten, Jae-Hong Kim. Persulfate-Based Advanced Oxidation: Critical Assessment of Opportunities and Roadblocks. Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (6) , 3064-3081.
  6. Muhammet Uyanik, Naoto Sahara, Outa Katade, Kazuaki Ishihara. Chemoselective Oxidative Spiroetherification and Spiroamination of Arenols Using I+/Oxone Catalysis. Organic Letters 2020, 22 (2) , 560-564.
  7. Muhammet Uyanik, Takehiro Kato, Naoto Sahara, Outa Katade, Kazuaki Ishihara. High-Performance Ammonium Hypoiodite/Oxone Catalysis for Enantioselective Oxidative Dearomatization of Arenols. ACS Catalysis 2019, 9 (12) , 11619-11626.
  8. Zhihao Chen, Xuchun Li, Shujuan Zhang, Jiyuan Jin, Xiaojie Song, Xiaomeng Wang, Paul G. Tratnyek. Overlooked Role of Peroxides as Free Radical Precursors in Advanced Oxidation Processes. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (4) , 2054-2062.
  9. David M. Stanbury . Hydration Energies and Reactivity of the Hypohalite Anions. Inorganic Chemistry 2018, 57 (3) , 1665-1669.
  10. Yang Zhou, Juan Li, Jin Jiang, Yuan Gao, Yi Yang, Su-Yan Pang, Jun Ma, Chaoting Guan, and Lihong Wang . Iodine Atom or Hypoiodous Acid? Comment on “Rapid Selective Circumneutral Degradation of Phenolic Pollutants Using Peroxymonosulfate–Iodide Metal-Free Oxidation: Role of Iodine Atoms”. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (16) , 9410-9411.
  11. Yong Feng and Kaimin Shih . Response to Comment on “Rapid Selective Circumneutral Degradation of Phenolic Pollutants Using Peroxymonosulfate–Iodide Metal-Free Oxidation: Role of Iodine Atoms”. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (16) , 9412-9413.
  12. Gábor Bellér, Gábor Lente, and István Fábián . Kinetics and Mechanism of the Autocatalytic Oxidation of Bis(terpyridine)iron(II) by Peroxomonosulfate Ion (Oxone) in Acidic Medium. Inorganic Chemistry 2017, 56 (14) , 8270-8277.
  13. Éva Dóka and Gábor Lente . Modeling Studies of Inhomogeneity Effects during Laser Flash Photolysis Experiments: A Reaction–Diffusion Approach. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 2017, 121 (14) , 2740-2747.
  14. Yong Feng, Po-Heng Lee, Deli Wu, and Kaimin Shih . Rapid Selective Circumneutral Degradation of Phenolic Pollutants Using Peroxymonosulfate–Iodide Metal-Free Oxidation: Role of Iodine Atoms. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (4) , 2312-2320.
  15. Juan Li, Jin Jiang, Yang Zhou, Su-Yan Pang, Yuan Gao, Chengchun Jiang, Jun Ma, Yixin Jin, Yi Yang, Guanqi Liu, Lihong Wang, and Chaoting Guan . Kinetics of Oxidation of Iodide (I–) and Hypoiodous Acid (HOI) by Peroxymonosulfate (PMS) and Formation of Iodinated Products in the PMS/I–/NOM System. Environmental Science & Technology Letters 2017, 4 (2) , 76-82.
  16. Gábor Bellér, Mária Szabó, Gábor Lente, and István Fábián . Formation of 1,10-Phenanthroline-N,N′-dioxide under Mild Conditions: The Kinetics and Mechanism of the Oxidation of 1,10-Phenanthroline by Peroxomonosulfate Ion (Oxone). The Journal of Organic Chemistry 2016, 81 (13) , 5345-5353.
  17. Bing Yang, Joseph J. Pignatello, Dong Qu, and Baoshan Xing . Reoxidation of Photoreduced Polyoxotungstate ([PW12O40]4–) by Different Oxidants in the Presence of a Model Pollutant. Kinetics and Reaction Mechanism. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 2015, 119 (6) , 1055-1065.
  18. Yuxian Wang, Hongqi Sun, Ha Ming Ang, Moses O. Tadé, and Shaobin Wang . Facile Synthesis of Hierarchically Structured Magnetic MnO2/ZnFe2O4 Hybrid Materials and Their Performance in Heterogeneous Activation of Peroxymonosulfate. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2014, 6 (22) , 19914-19923.
  19. Zhaohui Wang, Richard T. Bush, Leigh A. Sullivan, Chuncheng Chen, and Jianshe Liu . Selective Oxidation of Arsenite by Peroxymonosulfate with High Utilization Efficiency of Oxidant. Environmental Science & Technology 2014, 48 (7) , 3978-3985.
  20. Yunjin Yao, Chuan Xu, Jiacheng Qin, Fengyu Wei, Mengnan Rao, and Shaobin Wang . Synthesis of Magnetic Cobalt Nanoparticles Anchored on Graphene Nanosheets and Catalytic Decomposition of Orange II. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2013, 52 (49) , 17341-17350.
  21. Jing Zou, Jun Ma, Liwei Chen, Xuchun Li, Yinghong Guan, Pengchao Xie, and Chao Pan . Rapid Acceleration of Ferrous Iron/Peroxymonosulfate Oxidation of Organic Pollutants by Promoting Fe(III)/Fe(II) Cycle with Hydroxylamine. Environmental Science & Technology 2013, 47 (20) , 11685-11691.
  22. Yunjin Yao, Chuan Xu, Shaoming Yu, Dawei Zhang, and Shaobin Wang . Facile Synthesis of Mn3O4–Reduced Graphene Oxide Hybrids for Catalytic Decomposition of Aqueous Organics. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2013, 52 (10) , 3637-3645.
  23. József Kalmár, Gábor Lente, and István Fábián . Detailed Kinetics and Mechanism of the Oxidation of Thiocyanate Ion (SCN–) by Peroxomonosulfate Ion (HSO5–). Formation and Subsequent Oxidation of Hypothiocyanite Ion (OSCN–). Inorganic Chemistry 2013, 52 (4) , 2150-2156.
  24. Yunjin Yao, Zeheng Yang, Hongqi Sun, and Shaobin Wang . Hydrothermal Synthesis of Co3O4–Graphene for Heterogeneous Activation of Peroxymonosulfate for Decomposition of Phenol. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2012, 51 (46) , 14958-14965.
  25. Marco Eissen, Merle Strudthoff, Solveig Backhaus, Carolin Eismann, and Gesa Oetken, Sören Kaling, Dieter Lenoir. Oxidation Numbers, Oxidants, and Redox Reactions: Variants of the Electrophilic Bromination of Alkenes and Variants of the Application of Oxone. Journal of Chemical Education 2011, 88 (3) , 284-291.
  26. Suyoung Eor, Jiyoung Hwang, Myung Gil Choi, and Suk-Kyu Chang. Fluorescent Signaling of Oxone by Desulfurization of Thioamide. Organic Letters 2011, 13 (3) , 370-373.
  27. Toby Wai-Shan Chow, Ella Lai-Ming Wong, Zhen Guo, Yungen Liu, Jie-Sheng Huang, and Chi-Ming Che. cis-Dihydroxylation of Alkenes with Oxone Catalyzed by Iron Complexes of a Macrocyclic Tetraaza Ligand and Reaction Mechanism by ESI-MS Spectrometry and DFT Calculations. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2010, 132 (38) , 13229-13239.
  28. Gábor Bellér, Gábor Lente and István Fábián. Central Role of Phenanthroline Mono-N-oxide in the Decomposition Reactions of Tris(1,10-phenanthroline)iron(II) and -iron(III) Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry 2010, 49 (9) , 3968-3970.
  29. Hongyou Wan, Jingwei Yan, Cong Guo, Quantao Cui, Wei Zhang. Synthesis of core-heteroshell structure for ZIF-67/VTM and its efficient activation of peroxymonosulfate in treatment of levofloxacin from an aqueous solution. Environmental Research 2022, 204 , 111986.
  30. Kitae Kim, Nhat Thi Hong Le, Anh Quoc Khuong Nguyen, Yong-Yoon Ahn, Bomi Kim, Gwanyong Shin, Wonyong Choi, Jungwon Kim. Freezing-induced activation of the binary chloride-Oxone system to free chlorine and its application in water treatment. Chemical Engineering Journal 2022, 428 , 131134.
  31. Xiaoping Liao, Jinru Cao, Ying Hu, Caixiang Zhang, Lisong Hu. Mechanism of unactivated peroxymonosulfate-induced degradation of methyl parathion: Kinetics and transformation pathway. Chemosphere 2021, 284 , 131332.
  32. Shishu Zhu, Chuanhao Li, Xiaobao Yang, Shaobin Wang, Xiaoguang Duan, Chao Jin. Oxidation of amines and their derivatives with persulfate without activation: Impact of mineral oxides and stoichiometric efficiency. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 426 , 131930.
  33. Daqing Jia, Qinzhi Li, Khalil Hanna, Gilles Mailhot, Marcello Brigante. Efficient removal of estrogenic compounds in water by MnIII-activated peroxymonosulfate: Mechanisms and application in sewage treatment plant water. Environmental Pollution 2021, 288 , 117728.
  34. Yu Li, Yong Feng, Bin Yang, Zequn Yang, Kaimin Shih. Activation of peroxymonosulfate by molybdenum disulfide-mediated traces of Fe(III) for sulfadiazine degradation. Chemosphere 2021, 283 , 131212.
  35. Leliang Wu, Yiting Lin, Yimin Zhang, Peng Wang, Mingjun Ding, Minghua Nie, Caixia Yan, Shiyao Chen. Ca(OH) 2 -mediated activation of peroxymonosulfate for the degradation of bisphenol S. RSC Advances 2021, 11 (53) , 33626-33636.
  36. Wenya Peng, Yongxia Dong, Yu Fu, Lingli Wang, Qingchao Li, Yunjiao Liu, Qingya Fan, Zhaohui Wang. Non-radical reactions in persulfate-based homogeneous degradation processes: A review. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 421 , 127818.
  37. Haiyan Xu, Liang Meng, Xulei Zhao, Jing Chen, Junhe Lu, Jean-Marc Chovelon, Yuefei Ji. Accelerated oxidation of the emerging brominated flame retardant tetrabromobisphenol S by unactivated peroxymonosulfate: The role of bromine catalysis and formation of disinfection byproducts. Water Research 2021, 204 , 117584.
  38. Rasoul Salami, Mojtaba Amini, Mojtaba Bagherzadeh, Keun Hwa Chae. Vanadium oxide‐supported copper ferrite nanoparticles: A reusable and highly efficient catalyst for rhodamine B degradation via activation of peroxymonosulfate. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 2021, 35 (10)
  39. Yong Feng, Yu Li, Bin Yang, Zequn Yang, Yiang Fan, Kaimin Shih, Hailong Li, Deli Wu, Liyuan Zhang. Mechanistic insight into the generation of high-valent iron-oxo species via peroxymonosulfate activation: An experimental and density functional theory study. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 420 , 130477.
  40. Yuanxiang Mao, Jialiang Liang, Fangying Ji, Huiyu Dong, Lei Jiang, Qiushi Shen, Qian Zhang. Accelerated degradation of pharmaceuticals by ferrous ion/chlorine process: Roles of Fe(IV) and reactive chlorine species. Science of The Total Environment 2021, 787 , 147584.
  41. Banghai Liu, Wanqian Guo, Wenrui Jia, Huazhe Wang, Shanshan Zheng, Qishi Si, Qi Zhao, Haichao Luo, Jin Jiang, Nanqi Ren. Insights into the oxidation of organic contaminants by Co(II) activated peracetic acid: The overlooked role of high-valent cobalt-oxo species. Water Research 2021, 201 , 117313.
  42. Banghai Liu, Wanqian Guo, Huazhe Wang, Shanshan Zheng, Qishi Si, Qi Zhao, Haichao Luo, Nanqi Ren. Peroxymonosulfate activation by cobalt(II) for degradation of organic contaminants via high-valent cobalt-oxo and radical species. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2021, 416 , 125679.
  43. Kirill Fedorov, Xun Sun, Grzegorz Boczkaj. Combination of hydrodynamic cavitation and SR-AOPs for simultaneous degradation of BTEX in water. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 417 , 128081.
  44. Nguyen Thi Thao Nguyen, Anh Quoc Khuong Nguyen, Min Sik Kim, Changha Lee, Saewung Kim, Jungwon Kim. Degradation of aqueous organic pollutants using an Fe2O3/WO3 composite photocatalyst as a magnetically separable peroxymonosulfate activator. Separation and Purification Technology 2021, 267 , 118610.
  45. Zhi-Hui Xie, Hong-Yu Zhou, Chuan-Shu He, Zhi-Cheng Pan, Gang Yao, Bo Lai. Synthesis, application and catalytic performance of layered double hydroxide based catalysts in advanced oxidation processes for wastewater decontamination: A review. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 414 , 128713.
  46. Hongyu Zhou, Heng Zhang, Yongli He, Bingkun Huang, Chenying Zhou, Gang Yao, Bo Lai. Critical review of reductant-enhanced peroxide activation processes: Trade-off between accelerated Fe3+/Fe2+ cycle and quenching reactions. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2021, 286 , 119900.
  47. Tao Li, Amal Abdelhaleem, Wei Chu, Shengyan Pu, Fei Qi, Jing Zou. S-doped TiO2 photocatalyst for visible LED mediated oxone activation: Kinetics and mechanism study for the photocatalytic degradation of pyrimethanil fungicide. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 411 , 128450.
  48. Nguyen Thi Thao Nguyen, Anh Quoc Khuong Nguyen, Min Sik Kim, Changha Lee, Jungwon Kim. Effect of Fe3+ as an electron-transfer mediator on WO3-induced activation of peroxymonosulfate under visible light. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 411 , 128529.
  49. Judit Michnyóczki, Virág Kiss, Katalin Ősz. A kinetic study of the photooxidation of water by aqueous cerium(IV) in sulfuric acid using a diode array spectrophotometer. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry 2021, 408 , 113110.
  50. Yangke Long, Shun Li, Yiping Su, Shuyang Wang, Shiyin Zhao, Shubin Wang, Zhen Zhang, Wei Huang, Yong Liu, Zuotai Zhang. Sulfur-containing iron nanocomposites confined in S/N co-doped carbon for catalytic peroxymonosulfate oxidation of organic pollutants: Low iron leaching, degradation mechanism and intermediates. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 404 , 126499.
  51. Xiaoxiao Zhang, Zhonglin Chen, Jing Kang, Shengxin Zhao, Binyuan Wang, Pengwei Yan, Fengxia Deng, Jimin Shen, Wei Chu. UV/ peroxymonosulfate process for degradation of chloral hydrate: Pathway and the role of radicals. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2021, 401 , 123837.
  52. Hongyu Zhou, Jiali Peng, Jiayi Li, Junjie You, Leiduo Lai, Rui Liu, Zhimin Ao, Gang Yao, Bo Lai. Metal-free black-red phosphorus as an efficient heterogeneous reductant to boost Fe3+/Fe2+ cycle for peroxymonosulfate activation. Water Research 2021, 188 , 116529.
  53. Eun-Tae Yun, Sung-Woo Park, Hyun Jung Shin, Hongshin Lee, Dong-Wan Kim, Jaesang Lee. Peroxymonosulfate activation by carbon-encapsulated metal nanoparticles: Switching the primary reaction route and increasing chemical stability. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2020, 279 , 119360.
  54. Jianlong Wang, Shizong Wang. Reactive species in advanced oxidation processes: Formation, identification and reaction mechanism. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 401 , 126158.
  55. Huanhuan Zhu, Ruibao Jia, Shaohua Sun, Guixue Feng, Mingquan Wang, Li Sun, Lian Hou. Ultraviolet-mediated peroxymonosulfate diminution of earthy and musty compound trichloroanisole in water. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 2020, 205 , 111343.
  56. Xuexiang He, Kevin E. O'Shea. Selective oxidation of H1-antihistamines by unactivated peroxymonosulfate (PMS): Influence of inorganic anions and organic compounds. Water Research 2020, 186 , 116401.
  57. Yajie Qian, Jinjing Huang, Xiang Liu, Tongcai Liu, Gang Xue, Pin Gao, Xuefei Zhou, Yalei Zhang, Jiabin Chen. Rapid oxidation of histamine H2-receptor antagonists by peroxymonosulfate during water treatment: Kinetics, products, and toxicity evaluation. Water Research 2020, 185 , 116278.
  58. Ying-Hong Guan, Jin Chen, Li-Jun Chen, Xin-Xin Jiang, Qiang Fu. Comparison of UV/H2O2, UV/PMS, and UV/PDS in Destruction of Different Reactivity Compounds and Formation of Bromate and Chlorate. Frontiers in Chemistry 2020, 8
  59. Tian Ma, Yunhai Wu, Ningning Liu, Xiaoming Tao, Yunying Wu. Iron-doped g-C 3 N 4 modified CoMoO 4 as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst to activate peroxymonosulfate for degradation of organic dye. Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology 2020, 102 , 1-14.
  60. Changling Fang, Xiaoyi Lou, Yunyu Tang, Liangliang Tian, Youqiong Cai, Dongxue Xiao, Yaoguang Guo, Jianshe Liu. Dual character of peroxymonosulfate oxidation process to treat salty wastewater containing 2,4,6-tribromophenol. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 2020, 8 (4) , 103998.
  61. Huabin Zeng, Xu Zhao, Feiping Zhao, Yuri Park, Eveliina Repo, Senthil K. Thangaraj, Janne Jänis, Mika Sillanpää. Oxidation of 2,4-dichlorophenol in saline water by unactivated peroxymonosulfate: Mechanism, kinetics and implication for in situ chemical oxidation. Science of The Total Environment 2020, 728 , 138826.
  62. Dahu Ding, Shengjiong Yang, Liwei Chen, Tianming Cai. Degradation of norfloxacin by CoFe alloy nanoparticles encapsulated in nitrogen doped graphitic carbon ([email protected]) activated peroxymonosulfate. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 392 , 123725.
  63. Milena T. Pelegrino, André Paganotti, Amedea B. Seabra, Richard B. Weller. Photochemistry of nitric oxide and S-nitrosothiols in human skin. Histochemistry and Cell Biology 2020, 153 (6) , 431-441.
  64. Yuanjie Cao, Long Liu, Tianzeng Huang, Tieqiao Chen. Iodine-catalyzed α,β-dehydrogenation of ketones and aldehydes generating conjugated enones and enals. New Journal of Chemistry 2020, 44 (21) , 8697-8701.
  65. Leiduo Lai, Hongyu Zhou, Heng Zhang, Zhimin Ao, Zhicheng Pan, Qixuan Chen, Zhaokun Xiong, Gang Yao, Bo Lai. Activation of peroxydisulfate by natural titanomagnetite for atrazine removal via free radicals and high-valent iron-oxo species. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 387 , 124165.
  66. Nhat Thi Hong Le, Jinjung Ju, Bomi Kim, Min Sik Kim, Changha Lee, Saewung Kim, Wonyong Choi, Kitae Kim, Jungwon Kim. Freezing-enhanced non-radical oxidation of organic pollutants by peroxymonosulfate. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 388 , 124226.
  67. Colin D. Hubbard, Debabrata Chatterjee, Maria Oszajca, Justyna Polaczek, Olga Impert, Marta Chrzanowska, Anna Katafias, Ralph Puchta, Rudi van Eldik. Inorganic reaction mechanisms. A personal journey. Dalton Transactions 2020, 49 (15) , 4599-4659.
  68. Juan Li, Jin Jiang, Su–Yan Pang, Ying Cao, Yang Zhou, Chaoting Guan. Oxidation of iodide and hypoiodous acid by non-chlorinated water treatment oxidants and formation of iodinated organic compounds: A review. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 386 , 123822.
  69. Milena L. Czyz, Geethika K. Weragoda, Tyra H. Horngren, Timothy U. Connell, Daniel Gomez, Richard A. J. O'Hair, Anastasios Polyzos. Photoexcited Pd( ii ) auxiliaries enable light-induced control in C(sp 3 )–H bond functionalisation. Chemical Science 2020, 11 (9) , 2455-2463.
  70. Yao Zhang, Boji Wang, Xiaonan Hu, Hongjing Li. Non-activated peroxymonosulfate oxidation of p-aminobenzoic acid in the presence of effluent organic matter. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 384 , 123247.
  71. Hongyu Zhou, Leiduo Lai, Yanjian Wan, Yongli He, Gang Yao, Bo Lai. Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2): A versatile activator of both peroxymonosulfate and persulfate for the degradation of carbamazepine. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 384 , 123264.
  72. Hengxuan Zhao, Lu Wang, Deyang Kong, Yuefei Ji, Junhe Lu, Xiaoming Yin, Quansuo Zhou. Degradation of triclosan in a peroxymonosulfate/Br− system: Identification of reactive species and formation of halogenated byproducts. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 384 , 123297.
  73. Yiang Fan, Zhengyuan Zhou, Yong Feng, Ying Zhou, Lei Wen, Kaimin Shih. Degradation mechanisms of ofloxacin and cefazolin using peroxymonosulfate activated by reduced graphene oxide-CoFe2O4 composites. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 383 , 123056.
  74. Shouwei Zhang, Huihui Gao, Xuetao Xu, Ruya Cao, Hongcen Yang, Xijin Xu, Jiaxing Li. MOF-derived CoN/[email protected] yolk-shell nanoreactor with dual active sites for highly efficient catalytic advanced oxidation processes. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 381 , 122670.
  75. Yang Wu, Yu Wang, Tao Pan, Xin Yang. Oxidation of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) by peroxymonosulfate: The role of in-situ formed HOBr. Water Research 2020, 169 , 115202.
  76. Yu Lei, Jun Lu, Mengyu Zhu, Jingjing Xie, Shuchuan Peng, Chengzhu Zhu. Radical chemistry of diethyl phthalate oxidation via UV/peroxymonosulfate process: Roles of primary and secondary radicals. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 379 , 122339.
  77. Yang Zhou, Yuan Gao, Jin Jiang, Yong-Ming Shen, Su-Yan Pang, Zhen Wang, Jiebin Duan, Qin Guo, Chaoting Guan, Jun Ma. Transformation of tetracycline antibiotics during water treatment with unactivated peroxymonosulfate. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 379 , 122378.
  78. Hye-Jin Lee, Hyung-Eun Kim, Min Sik Kim, Charles-François de Lannoy, Changha Lee. Inactivation of bacterial planktonic cells and biofilms by Cu(II)-activated peroxymonosulfate in the presence of chloride ion. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 380 , 122468.
  79. Longjun Rao, Yunfei Yang, Likun Chen, Xiudan Liu, Haixiang Chen, Yuyuan Yao, Wentao Wang. Highly efficient removal of organic pollutants via a green catalytic oxidation system based on sodium metaborate and peroxymonosulfate. Chemosphere 2020, 238 , 124687.
  80. Qi Yang, Yinghao Ma, Fei Chen, Fubing Yao, Jian Sun, Shana Wang, Kaixin Yi, Lihua Hou, Xiaoming Li, Dongbo Wang. Recent advances in photo-activated sulfate radical-advanced oxidation process (SR-AOP) for refractory organic pollutants removal in water. Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 378 , 122149.
  81. Amal Abdelhaleem, Wei Chu. Insights into peroxymonosulfate activation for carbofuran degradation under visible LED via a double-component photocatalyst of Fe (III) impregnated N-doped TiO2. Chemosphere 2019, 237 , 124487.
  82. Jingxin Yang, Zijun Dong, Chengchun Jiang, Chuan Wang, Hong Liu. An overview of bromate formation in chemical oxidation processes: Occurrence, mechanism, influencing factors, risk assessment, and control strategies. Chemosphere 2019, 237 , 124521.
  83. Zuo Tong How, Daniel John Blackwood. Degradation of Acid Orange 7 through radical activation by electro-generated cuprous ions. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 2019, 7 (6) , 103450.
  84. Chao Lu, Jun Yao, Tatjana Šolević Knudsen, Meseret Amde, Jihai Gu, Jianli Liu, Hao Li, Junyang Zhang. Degradation of α-nitroso-β-naphthol by UVA-B activated peroxide, persulfate and monopersulfate oxidants in water. Journal of Cleaner Production 2019, 238 , 117942.
  85. Songying Qu, Chaolin Li, Xue Sun, Jingwen Wang, Haijian Luo, Shuai Wang, Jiayu Ta, Dongyang Li. Enhancement of peroxymonosulfate activation and utilization efficiency via iron oxychloride nanosheets in visible light. Separation and Purification Technology 2019, 224 , 132-141.
  86. Ying Huang, Bo Sheng, Fei Yang, Zhaohui Wang, Yizhen Tang, Qingze Liu, Xiaoxiao Wang, Jianshe Liu. Chlorine incorporation into dye degradation by-product (coumarin) in UV/peroxymonosulfate process: A negative case of end-of-pipe treatment. Chemosphere 2019, 229 , 374-382.
  87. Jing Mei, Guojun Yuan, Jianliang Bai, Yusha Ma, Lili Ren. One-pot synthesis of bimetallic catalyst loaded on alumina aerogel as green heterogeneous catalyst: Efficiency, stability, and mechanism. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 2019, 101 , 41-49.
  88. Yannan Xia, Junchu He, Shan Chen, Shiyuan Gao, Wentao Wang, Ping Lu, Yuyuan Yao. Magnetic Co-based carbon materials derived from core–shell metal–organic frameworks for organic contaminant elimination with peroxymonosulfates. Dalton Transactions 2019, 48 (27) , 10251-10259.
  89. Xiuwei Ao, Wenjun Sun, Simiao Li, Chao Yang, Chen Li, Zedong Lu. Degradation of tetracycline by medium pressure UV-activated peroxymonosulfate process: Influencing factors, degradation pathways, and toxicity evaluation. Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 361 , 1053-1062.
  90. Liwei Chen, Xu Zuo, Shengjiong Yang, Tianming Cai, Dahu Ding. Rational design and synthesis of hollow [email protected] core-shell nanostructure for the catalytic degradation of norfloxacin by coupling with peroxymonosulfate. Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 359 , 373-384.
  91. Yanlin Wu, Zhongyi Fang, Yahong Shi, Hongche Chen, Yankun Liu, Yifan Wang, Wenbo Dong. Activation of peroxymonosulfate by [email protected] catalyst for the degradation of atenolol: Kinetics, parameters, products and mechanism. Chemosphere 2019, 216 , 248-257.
  92. Yang Zhou, Yuan Gao, Su-Yan Pang, Jin Jiang, Yi Yang, Jun Ma, Yue Yang, Jiebin Duan, Qin Guo. Oxidation of fluoroquinolone antibiotics by peroxymonosulfate without activation: Kinetics, products, and antibacterial deactivation. Water Research 2018, 145 , 210-219.
  93. Gábor Lente. Facts and alternative facts in chemical kinetics: remarks about the kinetic use of activities, termolecular processes, and linearization techniques. Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering 2018, 21 , 76-83.
  94. Xiuwei Ao, Wenjun Liu, Wenjun Sun, Meiquan Cai, Zi Ye, Chao Yang, Zedong Lu, Chen Li. Medium pressure UV-activated peroxymonosulfate for ciprofloxacin degradation: Kinetics, mechanism, and genotoxicity. Chemical Engineering Journal 2018, 345 , 87-97.
  95. Yueping Bao, Teik-Thye Lim, Rong Wang, Richard David Webster, Xiao Hu. Urea-assisted one-step synthesis of cobalt ferrite impregnated ceramic membrane for sulfamethoxazole degradation via peroxymonosulfate activation. Chemical Engineering Journal 2018, 343 , 737-747.
  96. Yiqun Chen, Yanpeng Liu, Li Zhang, Pengchao Xie, Zongping Wang, Aijiao Zhou, Zheng Fang, Jun Ma. Efficient degradation of imipramine by iron oxychloride-activated peroxymonosulfate process. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2018, 353 , 18-25.
  97. Yang Zhou, Jin Jiang, Yuan Gao, Su-Yan Pang, Jun Ma, Jiebin Duan, Qin Guo, Juan Li, Yue Yang. Oxidation of steroid estrogens by peroxymonosulfate (PMS) and effect of bromide and chloride ions: Kinetics, products, and modeling. Water Research 2018, 138 , 56-66.
  98. Juan Li, Jin Jiang, Su–Yan Pang, Yang Zhou, Yuan Gao, Yi Yang, Shaofang Sun, Guanqi Liu, Jun Ma, Chengchun Jiang, Lihong Wang. Transformation of Methylparaben by aqueous permanganate in the presence of iodide: Kinetics, modeling, and formation of iodinated aromatic products. Water Research 2018, 135 , 75-84.
  99. Chaoting Guan, Jin Jiang, Congwei Luo, Suyan Pang, Yi Yang, Zhen Wang, Jun Ma, Jing Yu, Xi Zhao. Oxidation of bromophenols by carbon nanotube activated peroxymonosulfate (PMS) and formation of brominated products: Comparison to peroxydisulfate (PDS). Chemical Engineering Journal 2018, 337 , 40-50.
  100. Juan Li, Yang Zhou, Jin Jiang, Su-Yan Pang, Yuan Gao, Yi Yang, Guanqi Liu, Jun Ma, Chengchun Jiang, Lihong Wang. Transformation of phenolic compounds by peroxymonosulfate in the presence of iodide and formation of iodinated aromatic products. Chemical Engineering Journal 2018, 335 , 855-864.
Load all citations