Physical Biology of the Materials–Microorganism Interface

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Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, United States
Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United States
§ Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW, United Kingdom
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, United States
Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, South Korea
# Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, United States
Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, United States
Kavli Energy NanoSciences Institute, University of California, Berkeley, and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, United States
Cite this: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 6, 1978–1985
Publication Date (Web):January 24, 2018
https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b11135
Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

Future solar-to-chemical production will rely upon a deep understanding of the material–microorganism interface. Hybrid technologies, which combine inorganic semiconductor light harvesters with biological catalysis to transform light, air, and water into chemicals, already demonstrate a wide product scope and energy efficiencies surpassing that of natural photosynthesis. But optimization to economic competitiveness and fundamental curiosity beg for answers to two basic questions: (1) how do materials transfer energy and charge to microorganisms, and (2) how do we design for bio- and chemocompatibility between these seemingly unnatural partners? This Perspective highlights the state-of-the-art and outlines future research paths to inform the cadre of spectroscopists, electrochemists, bioinorganic chemists, material scientists, and biologists who will ultimately solve these mysteries.

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