Combination of Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of MnOx/Ce0.9Zr0.1O2 Nanorods for Selective Catalytic Reduction of NO with Ammonia

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Research Center of Nano Science and Technology and Department of Chemistry, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, People’s Republic of China
§ Department of Macromolecular Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, People’s Republic of China
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
*Fax: +86-21-66136079. E-mail: [email protected] (D.Z.); [email protected] (L.S.).
Cite this: J. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 117, 19, 9999–10006
Publication Date (Web):April 18, 2013
https://doi.org/10.1021/jp400504m
Copyright © 2013 American Chemical Society
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Abstract

Manganese oxides (MnOx) supported on Ce0.9Zr0.1O2 (MnOx/Ce0.9Zr0.1O2) nanorods were synthesized and tested for low-temperature selective catalytic reduction of NO with ammonia. The catalysts were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction. The structure and morphology results show that the MnOx was highly dispersed on the surface of Ce0.9Zr0.1O2 nanorods. Various species, such as Mn2+, Mn3+, and Mn4+, were exposed due to a strong interaction between manganese and cerium oxides. Thus, the MnOx/Ce0.9Zr0.1O2 nanorods exhibited a better catalytic performance (90% NO conversion at 150 °C) compared with that of the as-prepared Ce0.9Zr0.1O2 nanorods. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations clearly demonstrated that the MnOx on the surface of supporting nanorods or [email protected]2(110) could easily form an oxygen vacancy distortion. Furthermore, the [email protected]2(110) model in the DFT analysis showed a prominent effect on the NO and NH3 adsorption which resulted in a stronger nitrite intermediate (NOO*) formation and more attractive interaction with the NH3 gas compared with those observed with the CeO2(110) model. Therefore, a thorough understanding of the structure and catalytic performance of MnOx/Ce0.9Zr0.1O2 nanorods was successfully achieved by a combination of experimental and theoretical studies.

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EDS and XPS analysis of the Ce0.9Zr0.1O2 and MnOx/Ce0.9Zr0.1O2 nanorods. This material is available free of charge via the Internet at http://pubs.acs.org.

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