Dominant Factors Governing the Rate Capability of a TiO2 Nanotube Anode for High Power Lithium Ion Batteries

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Department of Materials Science & Engineering and WCU Department of Energy Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Korea
§ Energy Lab, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd., Suwon 440-600, Korea
School of Nano and Advanced Materials Engineering, Changwon National University, Changwon 641-773, Korea
*Address correspondence to [email protected]
Cite this: ACS Nano 2012, 6, 9, 8308–8315
Publication Date (Web):August 30, 2012
Copyright © 2012 American Chemical Society
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Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is one of the most promising anode materials for lithium ion batteries due to low cost and structural stability during Li insertion/extraction. However, its poor rate capability limits its practical use. Although various approaches have been explored to overcome this problem, previous reports have mainly focused on the enhancement of both the electronic conductivity and the kinetic associated with lithium in the composite film of active material/conducting agent/binder. Here, we systematically explore the effect of the contact resistance between a current collector and a composite film of active material/conducting agent/binder on the rate capability of a TiO2-based electrode. The vertically aligned TiO2 nanotubes arrays, directly grown on the current collector, with sealed cap and unsealed cap, and conventional randomly oriented TiO2 nanotubes electrodes were prepared for this study. The vertically aligned TiO2 nanotubes array electrode with unsealed cap showed superior performance with six times higher capacity at 10 C rate compared to conventional randomly oriented TiO2 nanotubes electrode with 10 wt % conducting agent. On the basis of the detailed experimental results and associated theoretical analysis, we demonstrate that the reduction of the contact resistance between electrode and current collector plays an important role in improving the electronic conductivity of the overall electrode system.

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