Inhibition of Hydroxyl Radical Reaction with Aromatics by Dissolved Natural Organic Matter

View Author Information
Department of Chemistry, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana 70148
Cite this: Environ. Sci. Technol. 2000, 34, 3, 444–449
Publication Date (Web):December 31, 1999
Copyright © 2000 American Chemical Society
Article Views
Read OnlinePDF (134 KB)


Reaction of aromatic compounds with hydroxyl radical is inhibited by dissolved natural organic matter (NOM). The degree of inhibition is significantly greater than that expected based on a simple model in which aromatic compound molecules bound to NOM are considered to be unreactive. In this study, hydroxyl radical was produced at steady-state concentrations using Fenton chemistry (H2O2 + Fe2+ → Fe3+ + HO- + HO·). Suwannee River fulvic acid and humic acid were used as NOM. The most likely mechanism for the observed inhibition is that hydroxyl radical formation occurs in microenvironmental sites remote from the aromatic compounds. In addition to changes in kinetics, pyrene hydroxyl radical reaction also exhibited a mechanistic change in the presence of fulvic acid. The mechanism changed from a reaction that was apparently first-order in pyrene to one that was apparently second-order in pyrene, indicating that pyrene self-reaction may have become the dominant mechanism in the presence of fulvic acid. Dissolved NOM causes significant changes in the rate and mechanism of hydroxyl radical degradation of aromatic compounds. Consequently, literature rate constants measured in pure water will not be useful for predicting the degradation of pollutants in environmental systems. The kinetic and mechanistic information in this study will be useful for developing improved degradation methods involving Fenton chemistry.

 Current address:  U.S. Geological Survey, 4821 Quail Crest Place, Lawrence, KS 66049-3839.


 Corresponding author phone:  (504)280-6323; fax:  (504) 280-6860; e-mail:  [email protected]

Cited By

This article is cited by 196 publications.

  1. Shuo Zhang, Tayler Hedtke, Qianhong Zhu, Meng Sun, Seunghyun Weon, Yumeng Zhao, Eli Stavitski, Menachem Elimelech, Jae-Hong Kim. Membrane-Confined Iron Oxychloride Nanocatalysts for Highly Efficient Heterogeneous Fenton Water Treatment. Environmental Science & Technology 2021, 55 (13) , 9266-9275.
  2. Chao Pan, Yongqin Jiao, Annie B. Kersting, Mavrik Zavarin. Plutonium Redox Transformation in the Presence of Iron, Organic Matter, and Hydroxyl Radicals: Kinetics and Mechanistic Insights. Environmental Science & Technology 2021, 55 (3) , 1800-1810.
  3. Ali Jawad, Kun Zhan, Haibin Wang, Ajmal Shahzad, Zehua Zeng, Jia Wang, Xinquan Zhou, Habib Ullah, Zhulei Chen, Zhuqi Chen. Tuning of Persulfate Activation from a Free Radical to a Nonradical Pathway through the Incorporation of Non-Redox Magnesium Oxide. Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (4) , 2476-2488.
  4. Mercedes Ruiz, Yi Yang, Christian A. Lochbaum, Daniel G. Delafield, Joseph J. Pignatello, Lingjun Li, Joel A. Pedersen. Peroxymonosulfate Oxidizes Amino Acids in Water without Activation. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (18) , 10845-10854.
  5. Chiheng Chu, Ji Yang, Dahong Huang, Jianfeng Li, Aiqin Wang, Pedro J. J. Alvarez, Jae-Hong Kim. Cooperative Pollutant Adsorption and Persulfate-Driven Oxidation on Hierarchically Ordered Porous Carbon. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (17) , 10352-10360.
  6. Xiao-Cheng Liu, Wen-Qiang Li, Yi-Ran Wang, Guan-Nan Zhou, Yi-Xuan Wang, Chuan-Shu He, Gong-Ming Wang, Yang Mu. Cathode-Introduced Atomic H* for Fe(II)-Complex Regeneration to Effective Electro-Fenton Process at a Natural pH. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (12) , 6927-6936.
  7. Jonghun Lim, Yang Yang, Michael R. Hoffmann. Activation of Peroxymonosulfate by Oxygen Vacancies-Enriched Cobalt-Doped Black TiO2 Nanotubes for the Removal of Organic Pollutants. Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53 (12) , 6972-6980.
  8. Irmina Ćwieląg-Piasecka, Maciej Witwicki, Maria Jerzykiewicz, and Julia Jezierska . Can Carbamates Undergo Radical Oxidation in the Soil Environment? A Case Study on Carbaryl and Carbofuran. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (24) , 14124-14134.
  9. David H. Gonzalez, Christopher K. Cala, Qiaoyun Peng, and Suzanne E. Paulson . HULIS Enhancement of Hydroxyl Radical Formation from Fe(II): Kinetics of Fulvic Acid–Fe(II) Complexes in the Presence of Lung Antioxidants. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (13) , 7676-7685.
  10. Mingce Long, Jonathon Brame, Fan Qin, Jiming Bao, Qilin Li, and Pedro J. J. Alvarez . Phosphate Changes Effect of Humic Acids on TiO2 Photocatalysis: From Inhibition to Mitigation of Electron–Hole Recombination. Environmental Science & Technology 2017, 51 (1) , 514-521.
  11. Ying Zhang, Nikolaus Klamerth, Pamela Chelme-Ayala, and Mohamed Gamal El-Din . Comparison of Nitrilotriacetic Acid and [S,S]-Ethylenediamine-N,N′-disuccinic Acid in UV–Fenton for the Treatment of Oil Sands Process-Affected Water at Natural pH. Environmental Science & Technology 2016, 50 (19) , 10535-10544.
  12. Hongshin Lee, Hyoung-il Kim, Seunghyun Weon, Wonyong Choi, Yu Sik Hwang, Jiwon Seo, Changha Lee, and Jae-Hong Kim . Activation of Persulfates by Graphitized Nanodiamonds for Removal of Organic Compounds. Environmental Science & Technology 2016, 50 (18) , 10134-10142.
  13. Sarah E. Page, Michael Sander, William A. Arnold, and Kristopher McNeill . Hydroxyl Radical Formation upon Oxidation of Reduced Humic Acids by Oxygen in the Dark. Environmental Science & Technology 2012, 46 (3) , 1590-1597.
  14. Sarah E. Page, William A. Arnold, and Kristopher McNeill . Assessing the Contribution of Free Hydroxyl Radical in Organic Matter-Sensitized Photohydroxylation Reactions. Environmental Science & Technology 2011, 45 (7) , 2818-2825.
  15. Andrew W. Vermilyea and Bettina M. Voelker. Photo-Fenton Reaction at Near Neutral pH. Environmental Science & Technology 2009, 43 (18) , 6927-6933.
  16. Chenju Liang and Hsin-Wey Su. Identification of Sulfate and Hydroxyl Radicals in Thermally Activated Persulfate. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2009, 48 (11) , 5558-5562.
  17. Seung-Hee Kang and Wonyong Choi. Oxidative Degradation of Organic Compounds Using Zero-Valent Iron in the Presence of Natural Organic Matter Serving as an Electron Shuttle. Environmental Science & Technology 2009, 43 (3) , 878-883.
  18. Yong Sun, Xuecheng Sun, Meesam Ali, Ali Shan, Ayesha Idrees, Chaoxiang Yang, Shuguang Lyu. Enhanced trichloroethene degradation performance in innovative nanoscale CaO2 coupled with bisulfite system and mechanism investigation. Separation and Purification Technology 2022, 278 , 119539.
  19. Chuan-Shu He, Rong-Rong Ding, Jia-Qi Chen, Guan-Nan Zhou, Yang Mu. Enhanced reductive reactivity of zero-valent iron (ZVI) for pollutant removal by natural organic matters (NOMs) under aerobic conditions: Correlation between NOM properties and ZVI activity. Science of The Total Environment 2022, 802 , 149812.
  20. Manoj Silva, Jonas Baltrusaitis. Destruction of emerging organophosphate contaminants in wastewater using the heterogeneous iron-based photo-Fenton-like process. Journal of Hazardous Materials Letters 2021, 2 , 100012.
  21. Zhuowei Cheng, Junjie Wang, Dongzhi Chen, Jianmeng Chen, Lining Wang, Jiexu Ye, Jianming Yu. Thermally activated persulfate for gaseous p-xylene removal: Process optimization, mechanism investigation, and pathway analysis. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 421 , 127728.
  22. Aimal Khan, Kaikai Zhang, A Taraqqi-A-Kamal, Xiaoguang Wang, Yong Chen, Yanrong Zhang. Degradation of antibiotics in aqueous media using manganese nanocatalyst-activated peroxymonosulfate. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2021, 599 , 805-818.
  23. Zhewei Hu, Jiaqi Shi, Hao Yang, Jianbo Huang, Feng Sheng. How Organic Substances Promote the Chemical Oxidative Degradation of Pollutants: A Mini Review. Sustainability 2021, 13 (19) , 10993.
  24. Dandi Wei, Yishan Liu, Yaya Song, Wenjie Liu, Liqian Zhao, Lu Wang, Ronglan Wu, Chao Yang. Bimetal oxalate‐derived synthesis of laponite‐decorated CoFe 2 O 4 porous nanostructures for activation of peroxymonopersulfate towards degradation of rhodamine B. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology 2021, 96 (7) , 1936-1946.
  25. Seyedeh Pegah Jalilian Ahmadkalaei, Suyin Gan, Hoon Kiat Ng, Suhaimi Abdul Talib. The role of humic acid in Fenton reaction for the removal of aliphatic fraction of total petroleum hydrocarbons (diesel range) in soil. Environmental Science and Ecotechnology 2021, 7 , 100109.
  26. Yejing Gou, Peng Chen, Lang Yang, Shengjun Li, Lai Peng, Shaoxian Song, Yifeng Xu. Degradation of fluoroquinolones in homogeneous and heterogeneous photo-Fenton processes: A review. Chemosphere 2021, 270 , 129481.
  27. Lingli Wang, Xu Lan, Wenya Peng, Zhaohui Wang. Uncertainty and misinterpretation over identification, quantification and transformation of reactive species generated in catalytic oxidation processes: A review. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2021, 408 , 124436.
  28. Wei Du, Ran Huang, Xuanlin Huang, Rong Chen, Fengxi Chen. Copper-promoted heterogeneous Fenton-like oxidation of Rhodamine B over Fe3O4 magnetic nanocatalysts at mild conditions. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2021, 28 (16) , 19959-19968.
  29. Lei Chen, Shu Wang, Zhichao Yang, Jieshu Qian, Bingcai Pan. Selective Interfacial Oxidation of Organic Pollutants in Fenton-like System Mediated by Fe(III)-adsorbed Carbon Nanotubes. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2021, 36 , 120193.
  30. Jawad Ali, Ajmal Shahzad, Jia Wang, Jerosha Ifthikar, Wenli Lei, Gebremedhin G. Aregay, Zhulei Chen, Zhuqi Chen. Modulating the redox cycles of homogenous Fe(III)/PMS system through constructing electron rich thiomolybdate centres in confined layered double hydroxides. Chemical Engineering Journal 2021, 408 , 127242.
  31. Nishanth Thomas, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Suresh C. Pillai. Heterogeneous Fenton catalysts: A review of recent advances. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2021, 404 , 124082.
  32. Clément Trellu, Yoan Pechaud, Nihal Oturan, Emmanuel Mousset, Eric D. van Hullebusch, David Huguenot, Mehmet A. Oturan. Remediation of soils contaminated by hydrophobic organic compounds: How to recover extracting agents from soil washing solutions?. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2021, 404 , 124137.
  33. Danhui Liang, Nan Li, Jingkun An, Jian Ma, Yu Wu, Hongbo Liu. Fenton-based technologies as efficient advanced oxidation processes for microcystin-LR degradation. Science of The Total Environment 2021, 753 , 141809.
  34. Jianlong Wang, Shizong Wang. Reactive species in advanced oxidation processes: Formation, identification and reaction mechanism. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 401 , 126158.
  35. Jin Young Huh, Jongman Lee, Syed Zaighum Abbas Bukhari, Jang-Hoon Ha, In-Hyuck Song. Development of TiO2-coated YSZ/silica nanofiber membranes with excellent photocatalytic degradation ability for water purification. Scientific Reports 2020, 10 (1)
  36. Van Luan Pham, Do-Gun Kim, Seok-Oh Ko. Advanced oxidative degradation of acetaminophen by carbon catalysts: Radical vs non-radical pathways. Environmental Research 2020, 188 , 109767.
  37. Jawad Ali, Lei Wenli, Ajmal Shahzad, Jerosha Ifthikar, Gebremedhin G. Aregay, Irshad Ibran Shahib, Zouhair Elkhlifi, Zhulei Chen, Zhuqi Chen. Regulating the redox centers of Fe through the enrichment of Mo moiety for persulfate activation: A new strategy to achieve maximum persulfate utilization efficiency. Water Research 2020, 181 , 115862.
  38. Daniela Zingaretti, Miguel Angel Lominchar, Iason Verginelli, Aurora Santos, Renato Baciocchi. Humic acids extracted from compost as amendments for Fenton treatment of diesel-contaminated soil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2020, 27 (18) , 22225-22234.
  39. Ajmal Shahzad, Jawad Ali, Jerosha Ifthikar, Gebremedhin G. Aregay, Jingyi Zhu, Zhulei Chen, Zhuqi Chen. Non-radical PMS activation by the nanohybrid material with periodic confinement of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and Cu hydroxides. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2020, 392 , 122316.
  40. Soroosh Mortazavian, Erick R. Bandala, Jee-Hwan Bae, Dongwon Chun, Jaeyun Moon. Assessment of p-nitroso dimethylaniline (pNDA) suitability as a hydroxyl radical probe: Investigating bleaching mechanism using immobilized zero-valent iron nanoparticles. Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 385 , 123748.
  41. Lingyun Fan, Ying Huang, Tao Huang, Kun Zhao, Ya-Nan Zhang, Chao Li, Yuan Hui Zhao. Photolysis and photo-induced toxicity of pyraclostrobin to Vibrio fischeri: Pathway and toxic mechanism. Aquatic Toxicology 2020, 220 , 105417.
  42. Ungwanen J. Ahile, Raymond A. Wuana, Adams U. Itodo, Rufus Sha'Ato, Renato F. Dantas. A review on the use of chelating agents as an alternative to promote photo-Fenton at neutral pH: Current trends, knowledge gap and future studies. Science of The Total Environment 2020, 710 , 134872.
  43. Jiahui Lyu, Guoji Sun, Liyan Zhu, Hongchao Ma, Chun Ma, Xiaoli Dong, Yinghuan Fu. Fabrication of Ti/black TiO2-PbO2 micro/nanostructures with tunable hydrophobic/hydrophilic characteristics and their photoelectrocatalytic performance. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry 2020, 24 (2) , 375-387.
  44. Ruiyang Xiao, Junye Ma, Zonghao Luo, Weizhi Zeng, Zongsu Wei, Richard Spinney, Wei‒Ping Hu, Dionysios D. Dionysiou. Experimental and theoretical insight into hydroxyl and sulfate radicals-mediated degradation of carbamazepine. Environmental Pollution 2020, 257 , 113498.
  45. Javed Ali Khan, Murtaza Sayed, Sanaullah Khan, Noor S. Shah, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Grzegorz Boczkaj. Advanced oxidation processes for the treatment of contaminants of emerging concern. 2020,,, 299-365.
  46. Shanshan Yang, Zhiyan Huang, Pingxiao Wu, Yihao Li, Xiongbo Dong, Chunquan Li, Ningyuan Zhu, Xiaodi Duan, Dionysios D. Dionysiou. Rapid removal of tetrabromobisphenol A by α[email protected]@Montmorillonite catalyst with oxygen vacancies through peroxymonosulfate activation: Role of halogen and α-hydroxyalkyl radicals. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2020, 260 , 118129.
  47. William P. Fagan, Linda K. Weavers. Sonochemical Remediation of Pollutants in Soils and Sediments. 2019,,, 1-21.
  48. Hsin-Se Hsieh, Richard G. Zepp. Reactivity of graphene oxide with reactive oxygen species (hydroxyl radical, singlet oxygen, and superoxide anion). Environmental Science: Nano 2019, 6 (12) , 3734-3744.
  49. Peng Zhang, Xiaofei Tan, Shaobo Liu, Yunguo Liu, Guangming Zeng, Shujing Ye, Zhihong Yin, Xinjiang Hu, Ni Liu. Catalytic degradation of estrogen by persulfate activated with iron-doped graphitic biochar: Process variables effects and matrix effects. Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 378 , 122141.
  50. Bo Wang, Yan-ni Li, Li Wang. Metal-free activation of persulfates by corn stalk biochar for the degradation of antibiotic norfloxacin: Activation factors and degradation mechanism. Chemosphere 2019, 237 , 124454.
  51. Quoc Cuong Do, Do-Gun Kim, Seok-Oh Ko. Insights into heterogeneous Fenton-like systems catalyzed by novel magnetic yolk-shell structures for the removal of acetaminophen from aquatic environments. Journal of Water Process Engineering 2019, 32 , 100980.
  52. Başak Savun-Hekimoğlu, Nilsun H. Ince. Optimization of methylparaben degradation by sonocatalysis. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry 2019, 58 , 104623.
  53. Wei Song, Ji Li, Caixia Fu, Zhuoyue Wang, Xiaolei Zhang, Jingxin Yang, William Hogland, Ling Gao. Kinetics and pathway of atrazine degradation by a novel method: Persulfate coupled with dithionite. Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 373 , 803-813.
  54. Zhou Zhou, Jun Ma, Xitao Liu, Chunye Lin, Ke Sun, Huijuan Zhang, Xiaowan Li, Guoxuan Fan. Activation of peroxydisulfate by nanoscale zero-valent iron for sulfamethoxazole removal in agricultural soil: Effect, mechanism and ecotoxicity. Chemosphere 2019, 223 , 196-203.
  55. Min-Hui Son, Jianyu Gong, Sunghee Seo, Hakwon Yoon, Yoon-Seok Chang. Photosensitized diastereoisomer-specific degradation of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) in the presence of humic acid in aquatic systems. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2019, 369 , 171-179.
  56. Davide Di Marino, Tim Jestel, Caroline Marks, Jörn Viell, Malte Blindert, Stefanie M. A. Kriescher, Antje C. Spiess, Matthias Wessling. Carboxylic Acids Production via Electrochemical Depolymerization of Lignin. ChemElectroChem 2019, 6 (5) , 1434-1442.
  57. Jiali Ge, Xinghao Wang, Chenguang Li, Siyuan Wang, Lianhong Wang, Ruijuan Qu, Zunyao Wang. Photodegradation of polychlorinated diphenyl sulfides mediated by reactive oxygen species on silica gel. Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 359 , 1056-1064.
  58. Na Li, Shoufeng Tang, Yandi Rao, Jinbang Qi, Qingrui Zhang, Deling Yuan. Peroxymonosulfate enhanced antibiotic removal and synchronous electricity generation in a photocatalytic fuel cell. Electrochimica Acta 2019, 298 , 59-69.
  59. Yuanfeng Wei, Hui Liu, Chengbin Liu, Shenglian Luo, Yutang Liu, Xingwen Yu, Jianhong Ma, Kai Yin, Haopeng Feng. Fast and efficient removal of As(III) from water by CuFe2O4 with peroxymonosulfate: Effects of oxidation and adsorption. Water Research 2019, 150 , 182-190.
  60. Ruijia Lan, Wenbin Su, Jitai Li. Preparation and Catalytic Performance of Expanded Graphite for Oxidation of Organic Pollutant. Catalysts 2019, 9 (3) , 280.
  61. Ying Zhang, Minghua Zhou. A critical review of the application of chelating agents to enable Fenton and Fenton-like reactions at high pH values. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2019, 362 , 436-450.
  62. Xiao Chen, Wen-Da Oh, Teik-Thye Lim. Graphene- and CNTs-based carbocatalysts in persulfates activation: Material design and catalytic mechanisms. Chemical Engineering Journal 2018, 354 , 941-976.
  63. Shuan Liu, Zhaoyang Wang, Junfeng Li, Chun Zhao, Xinlin He, Guang Yang. Fabrication of slag particle three-dimensional electrode system for methylene blue degradation: Characterization, performance and mechanism study. Chemosphere 2018, 213 , 377-383.
  64. David H. Gonzalez, Xiaobi M. Kuang, John A. Scott, Gisele Olimpio Rocha, Suzanne E. Paulson. Terephthalate Probe for Hydroxyl Radicals: Yield of 2-Hydroxyterephthalic Acid and Transition Metal Interference. Analytical Letters 2018, 51 (15) , 2488-2497.
  65. Yi-Ting Chen, Wan-Ru Chen, Tsair-Fuh Lin. Oxidation of cyanobacterial neurotoxin beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) with chlorine, permanganate, ozone, hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radical. Water Research 2018, 142 , 187-195.
  66. Xiaoxue Pan, Jing Chen, Nannan Wu, Yumeng Qi, Xinxin Xu, Jiali Ge, Xinghao Wang, Chenguang Li, Ruijuan Qu, Virender K. Sharma, Zunyao Wang. Degradation of aqueous 2,4,4′-Trihydroxybenzophenone by persulfate activated with nitrogen doped carbonaceous materials and the formation of dimer products. Water Research 2018, 143 , 176-187.
  67. Wenxuan Wang, Jun Sha, Zhiying Lu, Senlin Shao, Peizhe Sun, Qiang Hu, Xuezhi Zhang. Implementation of UV-based advanced oxidation processes in algal medium recycling. Science of The Total Environment 2018, 634 , 243-250.
  68. Tugba Olmez-Hanci, Idil Arslan-Alaton, Ceren Imren. Performance of the Persulfate/UV-C Process for the Treatment of Dimethyl Phthalate from Aquatic Environments. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 2018, 5 (2) , 189-196.
  69. Erik R. Zinser. The microbial contribution to reactive oxygen species dynamics in marine ecosystems. Environmental Microbiology Reports 2018, 10 (4) , 412-427.
  70. Konstantinos C Christoforidis, Ioanna A Vasiliadou, Maria Louloudi, Yiannis Deligiannakis. Gallic acid mediated oxidation of pentachlorophenol by the Fenton reaction under mild oxidative conditions. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology 2018, 93 (6) , 1601-1610.
  71. Xiao Chen, Wen-Da Oh, Zhong-Ting Hu, Yuan-Miao Sun, Richard D. Webster, Shu-Zhou Li, Teik-Thye Lim. Enhancing sulfacetamide degradation by peroxymonosulfate activation with N-doped graphene produced through delicately-controlled nitrogen functionalization via tweaking thermal annealing processes. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2018, 225 , 243-257.
  72. Xia Jiang, Yinghui Guo, Liangbo Zhang, Wenju Jiang, Ruzhen Xie. Catalytic degradation of tetracycline hydrochloride by persulfate activated with nano Fe0 immobilized mesoporous carbon. Chemical Engineering Journal 2018, 341 , 392-401.
  73. Akin Karci, Elizabeth M. Wurtzler, Armah A. de la Cruz, David Wendell, Dionysios D. Dionysiou. Solar photo-Fenton treatment of microcystin-LR in aqueous environment: Transformation products and toxicity in different water matrices. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2018, 349 , 282-292.
  74. Minghua Wang, Longyu Yang, Chuanpan Guo, Xufei Liu, Linghao He, Yingpan Song, Qingxin Zhang, Xiongwei Qu, Hongzhong Zhang, Zhihong Zhang, Shaoming Fang. Bimetallic Fe/Ti-Based Metal-Organic Framework for Persulfate-Assisted Visible Light Photocatalytic Degradation of Orange II. ChemistrySelect 2018, 3 (13) , 3664-3674.
  75. Kun Zhou, Yihua Tian, Hongchao Ma, Chun Ma, Yinghuan Fu, Xiaoli Dong, Xiufang Zhang. Photoelectrocatalytic performance of conductive carbon black-modified Ti/F-PbO2 anode for degradation of dye wastewater (reactive brilliant blue KN-R). Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry 2018, 22 (4) , 1131-1141.
  76. Jing Deng, Chen Ya, Yongjian Ge, Yongqing Cheng, Yijing Chen, Mengyuan Xu, Hongyu Wang. Activation of peroxymonosulfate by metal (Fe, Mn, Cu and Ni) doping ordered mesoporous Co 3 O 4 for the degradation of enrofloxacin. RSC Advances 2018, 8 (5) , 2338-2349.
  77. Liyan Zhu, Hongchao Ma, Huibin Han, Yinghuan Fu, Chun Ma, Zhihui Yu, Xiaoli Dong. Black TiO 2 nanotube arrays fabricated by electrochemical self-doping and their photoelectrochemical performance. RSC Advances 2018, 8 (34) , 18992-19000.
  78. Lin Peng, Xiaobo Gong, Xinghong Wang, Zhao Yang, Yong Liu. In situ growth of ZIF-67 on a nickel foam as a three-dimensional heterogeneous catalyst for peroxymonosulfate activation. RSC Advances 2018, 8 (46) , 26377-26382.
  79. Wenjing Chen, Changjun Zou, Yuan Liu, Xiaoke Li. The experimental investigation of bisphenol A degradation by Fenton process with different types of cyclodextrins. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 2017, 56 , 428-434.
  80. Zhuyu Sun, Chaojie Zhang, Pei Chen, Qi Zhou, Michael R. Hoffmann. Impact of humic acid on the photoreductive degradation of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) by UV/Iodide process. Water Research 2017, 127 , 50-58.
  81. V.C. Sarasidis, K.V. Plakas, A.J. Karabelas. Novel water-purification hybrid processes involving in-situ regenerated activated carbon, membrane separation and advanced oxidation. Chemical Engineering Journal 2017, 328 , 1153-1163.
  82. Zhi-Rong Lin, Ling Zhao, Yuan-Hua Dong. Effects of low molecular weight organic acids and fulvic acid on 2,4,4′-trichlorobiphenyl degradation and hydroxyl radical formation in a goethite-catalyzed Fenton-like reaction. Chemical Engineering Journal 2017, 326 , 201-209.
  83. Liyan Zhu, Yihua Tian, Maolin Li, Hongchao Ma, Chun Ma, Xiaoli Dong, Xiufang Zhang. Fabrication and photo-electrocatalytic activity of black TiO2 embedded Ti/PbO2 electrode. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 2017, 47 (9) , 1045-1056.
  84. Yu-Hong Cui, Xu-Dong Lv, Jing-Xia Lei, Zheng-Qian Liu. Synergistic Effect of Cathode/peroxymonosulfate/Fe3+ on Phenol Degradation. Electrochimica Acta 2017, 245 , 201-210.
  85. Clément Trellu, Nihal Oturan, Yoan Pechaud, Eric D. van Hullebusch, Giovanni Esposito, Mehmet A. Oturan. Anodic oxidation of surfactants and organic compounds entrapped in micelles – Selective degradation mechanisms and soil washing solution reuse. Water Research 2017, 118 , 1-11.
  86. Xujun Liang, Chuling Guo, Changjun Liao, Shasha Liu, Lukas Y. Wick, Dan Peng, Xiaoyun Yi, Guining Lu, Hua Yin, Zhang Lin, Zhi Dang. Drivers and applications of integrated clean-up technologies for surfactant-enhanced remediation of environments contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Environmental Pollution 2017, 225 , 129-140.
  87. Jiebing Li, Asif Hussain, Dengxin Li, Ming Yang, Shihong Xu. Catalytic performance of graphene-bimetallic composite for heterogeneous oxidation of acid orange 7 from aqueous solution. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2017, 24 (8) , 7264-7273.
  88. I. Arslan-Alaton, T. Olmez-Hanci, S. Khoei, H. Fakhri. Oxidative degradation of Triton X-45 using zero valent aluminum in the presence of hydrogen peroxide, persulfate and peroxymonosulfate. Catalysis Today 2017, 280 , 199-207.
  89. Hang Cui, Xiaogang Gu, Shuguang Lu, Xiaori Fu, Xiang Zhang, George Y. Fu, Zhaofu Qiu, Qian Sui. Degradation of ethylbenzene in aqueous solution by sodium percarbonate activated with EDDS–Fe(III) complex. Chemical Engineering Journal 2017, 309 , 80-88.
  90. Idil Arslan-Alaton, Tugba Olmez-Hanci. The Use of Al and Fe Nanoparticles for the Treatment of Micropollutants. 2017,,, 61-114.
  91. Stefanos Giannakis, María Inmaculada Polo López, Dorothee Spuhler, Jose Antonio Sánchez Pérez, Pilar Fernández Ibáñez, César Pulgarin. Solar disinfection is an augmentable, in situ -generated photo-Fenton reaction—Part 1: A review of the mechanisms and the fundamental aspects of the process. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2016, 199 , 199-223.
  92. Clément Trellu, Oleksandra Ganzenko, Stefano Papirio, Yoan Pechaud, Nihal Oturan, David Huguenot, Eric D. van Hullebusch, Giovanni Esposito, Mehmet A. Oturan. Combination of anodic oxidation and biological treatment for the removal of phenanthrene and Tween 80 from soil washing solution. Chemical Engineering Journal 2016, 306 , 588-596.
  93. Jiabin Chen, Liming Zhang, Tianyin Huang, Wenwei Li, Ying Wang, Zhongming Wang. Decolorization of azo dye by peroxymonosulfate activated by carbon nanotube: Radical versus non-radical mechanism. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2016, 320 , 571-580.
  94. Bingdang Wu, Ran Yin, Guoyang Zhang, Chao Yu, Shujuan Zhang. Effects of water chemistry on decolorization in three photochemical processes: Pro and cons of the UV/AA process. Water Research 2016, 105 , 568-574.
  95. Zhonghua Liu, Weilin Guo, Xuemei Han, Xianghui Li, Ke Zhang, Zhuangming Qiao. In situ remediation of ortho-nitrochlorobenzene in soil by dual oxidants (hydrogen peroxide/persulfate). Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2016, 23 (19) , 19707-19712.
  96. Clément Trellu, Yoan Péchaud, Nihal Oturan, Emmanuel Mousset, David Huguenot, Eric D. van Hullebusch, Giovanni Esposito, Mehmet A. Oturan. Comparative study on the removal of humic acids from drinking water by anodic oxidation and electro-Fenton processes: Mineralization efficiency and modelling. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2016, 194 , 32-41.
  97. Chun Cai, Zhuoyue Zhang, Hui Zhang. Electro-assisted heterogeneous activation of persulfate by Fe/SBA-15 for the degradation of Orange II. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2016, 313 , 209-218.
  98. Huanxuan Li, Jinquan Wan, Yongwen Ma, Yan Wang. Reaction pathway and oxidation mechanisms of dibutyl phthalate by persulfate activated with zero-valent iron. Science of The Total Environment 2016, 562 , 889-897.
  99. Helen L Bridle, Minne B Heringa, Andrea I Schäfer. Solid-phase microextraction to determine micropollutant–macromolecule partition coefficients. Nature Protocols 2016, 11 (8) , 1328-1344.
  100. Jing Deng, ShanFang Feng, Xiaoyan Ma, Chaoqun Tan, Hongyu Wang, Shiqing Zhou, Tuqiao Zhang, Jun Li. Heterogeneous degradation of Orange II with peroxymonosulfate activated by ordered mesoporous MnFe2O4. Separation and Purification Technology 2016, 167 , 181-189.
Load all citations